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2010年11月湖南成人教育学位英语真题和答案详解
通告时间:2016年05月13日 来:湖南大学自考办

201011月湖南成人高等教育统一考试
知识分子学位英语真题

Part I Dialogue Completion (15 points)
Directions: There are 15 short incomplete dialogues in this part, each followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D .Choose the best one to complete the dialogue and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
1. Speaker A: That was a great dinner. You must have spent all day cooking.
Speaker B:         .
A. Yes, it was really very tiring.
B. No, it’s really nothing.
C. No, it’s only a casual meal.
D. Thanks. But it only took two hours.
2. Speaker A: I tried to buy you those towels you wanted on sale, but they only had these really ugly ones left. Sorry.
Speaker B:         . They are not bad.
3. Speaker A: What’s your favorite food?
  Speaker B: Pizza.
  Speaker A:          . I prefer chocolate ice cream.
  A. Not me.                                    B. So do I.
  C. Same here.                                  D. You got it.
4. Speaker A: This computer keeps giving me trouble.
   Speaker B: Try restarting it.         .
  A. See if that helps.                             B. I can do nothing about it.
  C. Who knows?                                D. What else?
5. Speaker A: Susan, I can’t get my old job jacket. It’s a lost cause.
   Speaker B:         .
  A. Can’t you? It serves you right.
  B. I understand. You’ll find something else.
  C. Yes, I know it’s not a good cause.
  D. Lost?Maybe I can help you find it.
6. Speaker A: I had no idea the movie would end like that.
  Speaker B:       . I was really surprised.
  A. Me either.                                 B. Me alike.
  C. I think so.                                 D. Not that I know.
7. Speaker A: I’m a little scared about the operation.
  Speaker B:        , honey. The doctors will be there every step of the way.
  A.You know what.                            B. That’s good.
  C. Don’t worry.                               D. That’s it.
8. Speaker A: Who left the refrigerator door open?
   Speaker B:         . I haven’t been in the kitchen all day.
  A. Don’t look at me.                          B. You ask for it.
  C. You bet.                                  D. Don’t be silly.
9. Speaker A: Could you get me Extension 1058, please?
  Speaker B:          .
  A. Yes. This is operator speaking.
  B. OK. Here you are.
  C. No. I’m busy now.
  D. Sorry. The line is busy.
10. Speaker A: You’ve been the first place winner in this writing contest. Congratulations!
    Speaker B:          .
A. Yes. It’s quite easy for me.                 
B. It’s very kind of you to say so.
C. Thank you for the good news.
D. Not at all. It’s nothing.
11. Tourist: Excuse me; I’d like to go to the British Museum.        
   Police: No, not really. It’s about a ten-minute walk.
A. Can I walk there?
B. Where is it?
C. Is it far from here?
D. Could you show me the way?
12. Speaker A: Hi, Linda. The train leaves at 10 pm and I could pick you up at 9.
   Speaker B:        .
A. I think so.                            B. I can’t wait.
C. Good for you.                         D. That’s fine with me.
13. Speaker A: Sorry, I didn’t catch the last train.
   Speaker B:         .
A. Don’t be sorry.                         B. Do you want me to repeat it?
C. What else, please?                      D. I’m afraid that’s it.
14. Speaker A: You must be Teddy. Thanks for coming.
   Speaker B: Yes,          
A. I’m fine. Thank you.                   
B. I am. And you are…?
C. Here I am.
D. Who’s speaking please?
15. Speaker A: I wonder if you could tell me where to get map?
   Speaker B:          .
A. I don’t know where you want to go.
B. I have never heard about it.
C. Sure, but I really have no idea.
D. Well, maybe in the post office or bookstore.
PART II Reading Comprehension (40 points )
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each of the passages is followed by 5 questions or
unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
Passage one
Just as Mrs. Waldman hands out the spelling test, you see Jeff pull out a small piece of paper with a lot of words on it. Jeff hides the note into his closed fist but soon takes it out again. While he’s taking the test, you see him looking back and forth between the teacher and his paper. There’s no mistaking it---he’s cheating.
Cheating is when a person misleads, deceives, or acts dishonestly on purpose. For kids, cheating may happen at school, at home, or while playing a sport. If a baseball team is for kids who are 8 or younger, it’s cheating for a 9-year-old to play on the team.
At school, in addition to cheating on a test, a kid might cheat by stealing someone else’s idea for a science project or by copying a book report off the internet and turning it in as if it’s his or her original work.
One is inclined to cheat because it makes difficult things seem easy, like getting all the right answers on the test. But it doesn’t solve the problem of not knowing the material and it won’t help on the next test---unless the person cheats again.
Sometimes it may seem like cheaters have it all figured out. They can watch TV instead of studying for the spelling test. But other people lose respect for cheaters and think less of them. The cheaters themselves may feel bad because they know they are not really earning that good grade. And, if they get caught cheating, they will be in trouble at school, and maybe at home, too.
Some kids cheat because they’re busy or lazy and they want to get good grades without spending the time studying. Other kids might feel like they can’t pass the test without cheating. Even when there seems to be a “good reason” for cheating, cheating isn’t a good idea.
16. Why did Jeff look at the teacher from time to time while taking the test?
   A. He was afraid that the teacher might find out what he was doing.
   B. He had a question for the teacher but was afraid to ask.
   C. He wanted to get the teacher’s attention.
   D. He wanted to hand in his paper as he was done with it.
17. According to the author, cheating       .
   A. occurs mainly in test-related settings
   B. can take on various forms and happen anywhere
   C. usually happens when one is doing a science project
   D. happens when we don’t know the answer to a question
18. What can’t cheating help to do?
   A. To pass examinations.
   B. To get a satisfactory score.
   C. To make difficult things easy.
   D. To really get the knowledge.
19. Which of the following statements is closest in meaning to “cheaters have it all figured out” (Para.5)?
   A. Cheaters know they won’t be caught.
   B. Cheaters make a plan in advance.
   C. Cheaters can reach a balance between work and play.
   D. Cheaters clearly know the consequences of cheating.
20. The main purpose of the passage is to          .
   A. inform readers why people cheat
   B. predict possible consequences of cheating
   C. persuade students to quit cheating
   D. discuss different occasions when people cheat
Passage Two
Experts say over half of the world’s seven thousand languages are in danger of disappearing. Every two weeks one language disappears.
Sometimes a language disappears immediately when the last person speaking it dies. Or, a local language might disappear more slowly. This happens when an official language is used more often and children stop learning the local language of their parents. Official languages often represent a form of control over a group of people.
Throughout history, the language spoken by a powerful group spreads across a civilization. The more powerful culture rarely respects the language and culture of smaller groups. Smaller cultures lose their local language as the language of the culture in power has a stronger influence.
Experts say protecting languages is very important for many reasons. Languages contain the histories, ideas and knowledge of a culture. Languages also contain valuable information about local medicines, plants and animals.
Many endangered languages are spoken by native cultures in close contact with the natural world. Their ancient languages contain a great deal of information about environmental systems and species of plants and animals that are unknown to scientists. As the last speakers of a language die off, the valuable information carried within a language also disappears. Language is, in many ways, a window to the mind and the world.
Any hope for protecting languages can be found in children and their willingness to learn. It is these young people who can keep this form of culture alive for future generations.
21. Which of the following is true?
   A. No one can prevent languages from disappearing.
   B. There will not be any local languages left some day.
   C. There have existed 7,000 languages in history.
   D. Half of the world’s languages will possibly disappear.
22. An official language is a language that       .
   A. is highly advanced                       B. has a stronger influence
   C. competes with a local language             D. has a longer history
23. Language is a window to the mind and the world because        .
   A. it contains information about both culture and nature.
   B. it represents the working of the human minds
   C. local languages are more closely related to culture
   D. ancient languages can reveal ancient people’s thoughts
24. According to the passage, a language will be better protected when        .
   A. it is linked to a powerful culture
   B. people are forced to speak it
   C. it keeps pace with the times
   D. children are interested in learning it
25. The passage mainly discusses         .
   A. language and culture                      B. the power of language
   C. language protection                       D. local languages
Passage Three
There’s a professor at the University of Toronto in Canada who has come up with a term to describe the way a lot of us North Americans interact these years. And now a big research study confirms it.
Barry Wellman’s term is “networked individualism.” It’s not the easiest concept to grasp. In fact, the words seem to contradict each other. How can we be individualistic and networked at the same time? You need other people for networks.
Here’s what he means. Until the Internet and e-mail came along, our social networks involved flesh-and-blood relatives, friends, neighbors, and colleagues at work. Some of the interaction was by phone, but it was still voice to voice, person to person, in real time.
But the latest study by the Pew Internet and American Life Project confirms that for a lot of people, electronic interaction through the computer has replaced a great deal of social interchange. A lot of folks Pew talked with say that’s a good thing, because of concerns that the Internet was turning us into hermits(隐居者) who shut out other people in favor of a make-believe world on computer screens.
To the contrary, the Pew study discovered. The Internet has put us in touch with many MORE real people than we’d have ever imagined. Helpful people, too. We’re turning to an ever-growing list of cyber friends for advice on careers, medical crises, child-rearing, and choosing a school or college. About 60 million Americans told Pew that the Internet plays an important or crucial role in helping them deal with major life decisions.
So we networked individuals are pretty tricky: we’re keeping more to ourselves, while at the same time reaching out to more people, all with just the click of a computer mouse!
26. The Pew study was conducted in         .
   A. Latin America                        B. Canada
   C. the United States                      D. Europe
27. In this passage, the network refers to a lot of connected        .
   A. friends                              B. people
   C. computers                           D. roads
28. Before the invention of the Internet, our connections with people took place mainly         .
    A. in person                            B. by phone
    C. by letter                             D. by e-mail
29. Which of the following has happened since the invention of the Internet?
    A. People talk on the phone more than ever.
    B. Much personal interaction has given way to computer interaction.
    C. Americans are getting more isolated.
    D. Americans have become more dependent on computers.
30. According to the Pew study, the role played by the Internet in human interaction is       .
    A. neutral                             B. negative
    C. unclear                             D. positive
Passage Four
President Obama has signed legislation to make the biggest changes in the health care system in forty-five years. Many parts of the plan will fully take effect in four years. But some take effect quickly. For example, in six months the new law will ban insurance companies from denying coverage to children with pre-existing health conditions. Adults with pre-existing conditions will be added in four years.
The government will help millions of people pay for insurance. It will also permit millions more to receive free coverage through the Medicaid program for the poor. In all, the plan aims to make health insurance available to 32 million people now without it. Illegal immigrants will not be able to take part.
An estimated 83% of people under 65 who are in the US legally now have insurance coverage. The plan is expected to raise that to 95% within several years. People over 65 are covered by the Medicaid insurance program which the government created in 1965.
For the first time, Americans will be required to have health insurance or face a yearly fine starting in four years. The law will also require companies with more than 50 employees to offer coverage. If not, they could face a fine of $2,000 a year for every worker.
Also, this year the law will start closing what is known as “the doughnut hole”. That is a lack of Medicaid coverage for some drug costs for older Americans. President Obama promised senior citizens that the reforms will not cut their guaranteed benefits.
The changes are expected to cost about $940 billion over ten years, but also help reduce the federal budget deficit.
31. According to the new health care plan, which of the following will be added first into insurance programs?
   A. Employees of small companies.
   B. Adults with pre-existing health conditions.
   C. Poor people now without health insurance.
   D. Children with pre-existing health conditions.
32. It can be inferred from the passage that the new Medicaid program for the poor will       .
   A. provide free health insurance for 32 million people
   B. provide free health insurance for all poor people
   C. be also applied to legal immigrants
   D. cover 83% of the people under 65
33. It seems that at present, large companies that do not offer health insurance coverage to their employees          .
   A. face heavy fines
   B. do not receive punishments
   C. are required to do so
   D. do not benefit from doing so
34. The “doughnut hole” implies that          are not covered by the existing Medicaid program.
   A. some drug costs for older Americans
   B. senior citizens over 65
   C. illegal immigrants
   D. expensed for hospital stay
35. Generally speaking, President Obama’s health insurance reform will        .
   A. bring heavy financial burdens to the country
   B. pose heavy financial burdens to the poor
   C. benefit both the people and the country
   D. be welcomed by the poor but opposed by companies. 
PART III  Vocabulary and Structure (20 points)
Directions : There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentences. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
36. You can arrive in Guangzhou on time for the fashion show___you don’t mind taking the night train.
A. provided        B. unless        C. though           D. until
37. The students are still taking about the strange people they___on their trip.
A. meet                 B. had met       C. were met         D. met
38. The players expected there___more free time after going back to the country from abroad.
A. is                        B. being         C. have been        D. to be
39. The man who___stopped from time to time as if he wanted to tie his shoelaces.
A. was being followed              B. was to followC. had followed                         D. was once followed
40. ___has finished the task ahead of time will be rewarded, though we don’t know who it will be.
A. Those who        B. Anyone      C. Whoever        D. Who
41. At last I decided to pay a visit to my new general manager as soon as I ___.
A. finish what I did        B. finished what I did    C. would finish what I was doing        D. finished what I was doing
42. These two countries are similar ___they both have a high snowfall during winter.
A. to that          B. besides that        C. in that         D. except that
43. They were surprised that a four-day-old boy should work out such a difficult problem___they themselves couldn’t.
A. once          B. then        C. while         D. if
44. Word has come ___a large number of the British Airway employees will go on strike next week.
A. that              B. what        C. when         D. whether
45. We would say it’s the best use that ____this money.
A. could be made of           B. could be made          C. could we make          D. could make of
46. It’s getting late. We____leave now, or we’ll miss the last bus.
A. had rather             B. had better           C. would rather            D. would better
47. It is ____that a hundred people can dance in it.
A. so large a room                      B. so a large room
C. such large a room                    D. a such large room
48. I can never thank you____much for your help. Without it, I couldn’t have finished my paper.
A. so           B. too           C. as           D. very
49. When I met her this morning, she had this ____look on her face. She must have worked late last night.
A. tire     B. tired      C. tiring        D. tiresome
50. Hawaii is ____a palace to relax; it’s also a marvelous spot to surf.
A. much as      B. less than       C. more than     D. rather as
51. I cannot believe that he____my offer.
A. turned on     B. turned off      C. turned down   D. turned over
52. It was one of the most beautiful scenes I had ever set my eyes____.
A. to           B. on            C. off           D. for
53. Though the Chinese medicine tastes____, it surely helps.
A. bad          B. badly         C. worse         D. worst
54. Night ____, the girl studying in her room switched on the light to do more reading.
A. is falling      B. has fallen      C. fell           D. having fallen
55. Doctors have said that as many as 50 percent of patients don’t take medicine____directed.
A. like          B. so            C. which         D. as
56. The traditional approach to dealing with complex problems is to       into smaller, more easily managed ones.
A. break them down        B. take them down     C. make them up       D. bring them up
57. Since man depends        such a great extent on forests, every effort must be made to preserve trees and wildlife.
A. on           B. in          C. to          D. at
58. Many animals that lived thousands of years ago are now      .
A. extinct       B. existent        C. distinct         D. diverse
59. The government gave a very      explanation of its plans for the development of electronic industry.
A. comprehensible         B. comprehensive      C. expressive        D. intensive
60. Many students____because they are not prepared for our challenging program.
A. turn out        B. fall out        C. let out         D. drop out
61. When she said she would be ready to help us out, she____well.
A. meant          B. pointed        C. looked        D. sensed
62. A dynamic free-market system can generate prosperity and progress on a global      .
A. size            B. scope          C. scale         D. dimension
63. More flight ____ will be opened across the country with the fast growth of tourism.
A. roads           B. ways           C. paths        D. routes
64. Please____your telephone message by writing to me.
A. infer           B. inform          C. confirm      D. contact
65. Red Cross is____ the operation to fly in supplies to the refuges.
A. in touch of                         B. in charge of
C. in honor of                         D. in pursuit of
66. Your debt situation is only temporary, and it is within your____to resolve it.
A. position         B. strength         C. power         D. right
67. Suffering was easier to____than the bitterness he felt destroying his spirit.
A. bear            B. resist          C. take          D. put
68. Most recent opinion polls suggest that the____between the two parties has narrowed.
A. distance         B. gap            C. lag          D. disagreement
69. Due to the fog, the flight will be cancelled---we apologize for any____.
A. discomfort      B. bother          C. difficulty      D. inconvenience
70. They had mistaken me for Williams, but during dinner the confusion was____.
A. raised up             B. backed up             C. mixed up              D. cleared up
71. I should have gone with my first____, which was not to do the interview.
A. emotion         B. instinct         C. response       D. sense
72. In the meantime, the question facing the committee is whether such research is ____the costs.
A. worth           B. value           C. worthy        D. valuable
73. We can accept your order____payment is made in advance, including the transportation expenses.
A. in the belief that         B. in order that          C. on the excuse that            D. on condition that
74. The project manager asked his assistant if it was possible for him to_____the investment plan within a week.
A. look out              B. make out           C. work out            D. hold out
75. To be truly successful, you must recognize what ____ you and what your life interests are.
A. maintains       B. motivates      C. dominates      D. determines
  Part IV Cloze Test (10 points)
Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passag . For each numbered blank , there are 4 choices marked A,B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
 Mass immigration has benefited the economy greatly over the past ten years, a report claims today.
It has helped avoid    76  of labor and skilled workers and the economy has been able to stay on a “stable growth path”,   77   the Work Foundation.
Interest and inflation rates have also been kept     78   as a result of people coming to work in Britain--- and this has not led to lower wages for workers or   79   unemployment levels. “The government has had hard time over immigration, not because it has lost control of the issue, 80   because it has failed to tell a convincing story  81  steady high-quality information,” the report claims.
“The official statistics are so irregular that the government finds   82   difficult to defend otherwise good policies.” The Work Foundation is calling for work restrictions  83  Romanians and Bulgarians to be relaxed. The countries joined the European Union last year but their citizens do not have full    84    to move to Britain.
The findings contrast with a recent House of Lords report,    85   said there was no evidence to suggest immigration generated significant economic benefits for the country.
 76. A. neglect       B. shortage      C. ignorance        D. lacking
77. A. seeing to      B. owing to      C. according to      D. referring to
78. A. lesser         B. less          C. fewer           D. lower
79. A. affected       B. effected       C. infected         D. selected
80. A. and           B. or           C. either           D. but
81. A. linked to       B. based on      C. interested in     D. taken in
82. A. them          B. it            C. that            D. this
83. A. to            B. for           C. on             D. at
84. A. powers        B. forces        C. rights           D. strengths
85. A. which         B. it            C. this            D. that
  Part V   Writing (15point)
Directions: You are to write in 100-120 words about the title “The Problem(s) I Face(d) on My Job”. You should base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:
 职场打拼不容易
自己在职场(已经)遇的题材是······
解决的方法是······
结论

201011月湖南成人高等教育统一考试
知识分子学位英语答案详解

参考答案及精解
  Part Ⅰ. Dialogue Completion (15 points)
1. D  在回答对方赞扬时,英语中习惯的回答是“谢谢”。所以D啊对答案。
2. C  当对方为所做的工作表示“歉意(sorry)”经常,英语中习惯的回答不是“批评”。ABD其三只答案都发生“批评”的意思。所以C啊对答案。
3. D  “Not me”的意思是“不是自己;自己非常;自己不符合”;“So do I”的意思是“自己为同”;“Same here”的意思是“自己为是,彼此彼此”;“You got it”的意思是“没问题,你干掉它!被你哪!”。针对说话人B答“Pizza”经常,说话人A说他自己喜欢巧克力冰激凌。根据这个情景,说话人A应该是支持说话人B的见解,但是自己却有不同的挑选。所以选项D啊对答案。
4. A  当谈人A针对电脑表示抱怨时,说话人B答道“把电脑重启吧!”立即是在被来建议,和这个建议相映衬的应当是A答案“探望会不会哼一点:是不是有用”;B答案表达的是“无能为力”;C答案表达的是“不料道?”;D答案表达的是“还有啥?”
5. A  “It’s a lost cause.”凡是句习语,那个意思是“没想了”。C答案当中的“cause”和D答案当中的“Lost”还误解了习语中的意思,B答案与出口人A的话不相关。A答案表达的是同种非。“It serves you right!”的意思是“应该”。
6. A  A答案的意思是“自己为是”,用于强调含否定意义的短语;没“Me alike”这种表达;C答案用于肯定的承认;D答案应该是“Not that I know of”,那个意思是“自己不了解;依照我所知道不是那样”。所以选项A啊对答案。
7. C  You know what?(你知道呢?);That's good!(最好了!);Don’t worry(并非担心);That’s it.(针对;即使是这样了;即使这样回事;即使是这样了)。说话人A表示了针对手术的恐惧,说话人B针对那进行了安慰。所以C选择为对答案。
8. A  Don’t look at me(变看着我,和自己无关!);You ask for it!(应该;自找的!);You bet!(你可是确信;实在;当然!);Don’t be silly!(变傻了;变犯傻)。根据上下文,A选择为对答案。
9. D  说话人A说:“劳动接分机1058.”该句话并不是真正意义上的疑问句,所以对不用“Yes”或者“No”。B答案:“哼的,被你”不符合对话场景。D选择“对不起,你若的电话机正忙”切合该打电话场景。
10. C  说话人A针对出口人B表示祝贺,习惯的回答首先是“谢谢!”C选择“Thank you for the good news”(异常感谢你的这个好消息)切合题意,啊对答案。
11. C  游客说“怀念去好英博物馆”,警官回答“不,不是很远。大概十分钟的行程”,立即证明游客问的是“远近”题材。根据情境,C选择符合该场景。
12. D  I think so(自己为如此认为);I can’t wait(自己迫不及待);Good for you!(好得很!真服了你;针对你有好处);That’s fine with me.(哼;没问题;自己没见)。说话人A说“火车10点出发,自己9时能够来接你”,根据四只选择的意义,D选择符合该场景。
13. A  说话人A针对未能赶上最后一次列车而感到歉意,英语中习惯的回答不是“批评”。所以A选择“呼吁不必说抱歉”切合该场景。
14. B  说话人A说“你肯定就是特迪。迎接您来!”,立即标志说话双方应相互不认识。“I’m fine. Thank you.”凡是针对“How do you do?”的回答。“Here I am.”的意思是“自己是;自己到了;自己就是在这里”。“Who’s speaking please?”凡是电话用语。所以B选择“自己是特迪。请问你是......?”切合此情景。
15. C  选择AB答非所问。“I wonder if you could tell me where to get map?”凡是单一般疑问句,针对那自然的回答一般用“Yes”或者“Sure”。所以答案选C。
  Part Ⅱ. Reading Comprehension (40points)
  Passage 1
 16. A 细节推断题。根据“There’s no mistaking it---he’s cheating.”和“you see him looking back and forth between the teacher and his paper”,我们可以推断出Jeff害怕(afraid)被老师发现其作弊。
17. A 细节分析题。B选择当中的“anywhere”,C选择当中的“usually”,和D选择当中的“happens when we don’t know the answer to a question”都不在文章被出现。从“At school, in addition to cheating on a test,”可以得生“mainly in test-related settings”的分析结果。
18. D  细节推断题。文章第四段第二句“But it doesn’t solve the problem of not knowing the material…”和“can’t help to really get the knowledge”意思对应,想答案为D起。
19. D 单词释义题。“have it all figured out”完全呢“做明白什么工作;把工作搞清楚了”,立即和D选择当中的“clearly know the consequences of cheating”意思对应。所以D选择为对答案。
20. C 文章主旨题。文章最后一句话“Even when there seems to be a “good reason” for cheating, cheating isn’t a good idea.”标志了文章的宗旨——“quit cheating”。
  参考译文:
    遭逢沃德曼妻子分发拼写试卷时,你瞧瞧杰夫以起同样张上面写满密密麻麻词语的有些纸片。杰夫把它藏在协调紧握的拳头中,但是很快又把它以了出来。当他正在进行试验时,你看见他的眼光来来回回地在教师与试卷间徘徊。拂不了——他在作弊。
    当一个人口油然而生故意误导、蒙或不诚实行为时,立即就是作弊。对于孩子来说,舞弊可能发生在学校,家庭或进行同样集运动比赛时。如果同支棒球队只能由8年或更小的子女做的话,那么9年孩子与其中便是同种作弊。
    在学校,除了试卷上的舞弊,儿童也可能通过盗取他人在对项目达到的思考或通过网络抄袭读书报告,连把它当做是协调的原创作品提交上去而作弊。
    一个人口赞成于作弊是因为作弊似乎为复杂的工作看起来简单了,即使如能够取得试卷上的正确答案一样。但是作弊并不能帮你解决你所不了解的题材,并且它对下一致次考试为不行——除非这个人继续作弊。
    偶尔作弊者如是全部还知道。他们或看电视而不失为拼写测试学习。但是其他人却对这些舞弊者失去了重视,并且看不起他们。作弊者自己可能会因为他们自己参了水分的成就而感到糟糕。并且,如果他们作弊被逮捕,他们在学校以陷入麻烦之中,也许在夫人为难逃麻烦。
    部分孩子作弊是因为他们很忙或者很累,不想花时间读书就想得到好成绩。其他一些孩子觉得自己要不作弊的话就无法通过考试。即使当每一次作弊都看上去理由充分时,但是作弊不是单好主意。
  Passage 2
 21. D  细节分析题。A选择当中的“No one”和B选择当中的“not be any”都是非常绝对的答案,文中没提及。C选择当中的“7,000 languages in history”属于过度概括,文中吗没提及。D选择当中的“will possibly disappear”凡是针对文章第一段第一句的正确解读。
22. B  细节分析题。根据文章第二段第二句当中所提及的official language “is used more often” and “often represent a form of control over a group of people.”,我们可以得生official language has a stronger influence。选择ACD都不在文中提及。
23. A  细节分析题。先后四段第二、其三句“Languages contain the histories, ideas and knowledge of a culture. Languages also contain valuable information about local medicines, plants and animals.”受到含有了“culture and nature”的消息,通过而分析出A选择为对答案。BCD中的“the working of the human minds”,“more closely”和“reveal ancient people’s thoughts”文中都不提及。
24. D  细节分析题。由于文中最后一段第一句“Any hope for protecting languages can be found in children and their willingness to learn. 可推断选项D正确,其他各项文中都不提及。
25. C  文章主旨题。文章第四段第一句“Experts say protecting languages is very important for many reasons.”凡是主题句,并且文章最后一句提到“It is these young people who can keep this form of culture alive for future generations.”,如果“this form of culture”依靠的就是“language”,想C起对。
  参考译文:
     专家说世界上的7000种语言,大概有超越一半以上的语言面临着毁灭的危险。各半只星期就发生相同种语言消失。
    偶尔当最后一个清楚这门语言的人数非常了,立即同种语言为不怕立刻消失了。或者,同种本地的语言也许会更加缓慢地没有。当一种官方语言为越来越广泛地使用,孩子们不再学习他们父母当地的语言,这种情况就会发生。法定语言往往代表在对一多人的同种控制。
    纵观历史,一个强势群体所运用的语言会扩展到其文明。这种更有影响力的知识很少尊重那些弱小种族的语言和知识。当强势群体的语言起着更加有力影响力的时候,弱势群体便失去自己的地方语言。
专家们产生充分理由来说明保护语言是非常重要的。语言包含着雷同种文化的历史、思考和知识。语言为同包含着有关于地方医学、植物和动物的有价值的消息。
    多靠近灭绝的语言是被那些与自然世界紧紧相连的本地文化所运用。他们古老的语言中含有在大量关于环境体系和科学家们未知动植物种类的消息。当这门语言最后的控制者离去时,立即同种语言中所携带的有价值的消息为不怕消失了。从多角度来说,语言是心灵和世界的同扇窗户。
    保护语言的希望可以从孩子们身上以及他们上语言的愿望当中找到。能够为我们以来的后人保存这种文化形式的人数正是这些青年。
  Passage 3
 26. C 细节推断题。由于文章第四段第一句话“the Pew Internet and American Life Project”和程序五段的末尾一句“About 60 million Americans told Pew”能够C起对。
27. B 细节推断题。文章第二段第二句提到“Until the Internet and e-mail came along, our social networks involved flesh-and-blood relatives, friends, neighbors, and colleagues at work.”,中的“relatives, friends, neighbors, and colleagues at work”依靠的都是“people”,想B起对。
28. A 细节推断题。由于文章第二段第三句“Some of the interaction was by phone, but it was still voice to voice, person to person, in real time.”中的“person to person”能够A起对。
29. B 细节推断题。由于文章第四段第一句“electronic interaction through the computer has replaced a great deal of social interchange.”能够B起对。
30. A 文章主旨题。从文章最后一段“So we networked individuals are pretty tricky...”可以视作者中立的见解,所以A起对。
  参考译文:
    加拿大多伦多大学的同名教书提出了一个术语,这个术语描述了我们多北美人口近来的互相方式。并且一件重要的研究调查证明了立即一点。
    巴利·威尔曼的术语是“网络个体主义 ”。立即并不是单好理解的定义。其实,立即少只字看上去自相矛盾。我们怎么好而且做到个性化并且网络化?你需要其他人来组建你的网络。
    立即是他一直所当的。在互联网和电子邮件的来到之前,我们的应酬网络涉及有血有肉的亲属、朋友、邻居以及共事的同事。其中部分交流是靠手机,但是仍然是实时的声音对声音,人口和人口中的交流。
    但是佩尤研究中心“网络和美国在项目”的新型研究证实,对于绝大多数人口吧,连过电脑的电子互动已经替代了一大部分的社会交流。互联网正在被我们成为拒绝其他人而支持电脑屏幕上的架空世界的隐居者,因为对这个的关怀,佩尤研究中心所调查的多人口认为这是件好事。
    相反,佩尤研究中心的研究表明:互联网让我们沾到的人数比我们实事求是想象到的若多得多,并且还非常用拉的人数。为谋求有关求职、治风险、儿童拉和选择学校或大学的建议,我们正在不断扩大网络交际面。大概有6000万美国人通过佩尤研究中心认为互联网在帮助他们作出人生的重要抉择时起着一个要的意图。
    所以我们这些网络化的私房很是滑稽:我们团结不愿意和人口打交道,并且又失去接触更多的人数,我们所需要举行的只是点击一下鼠标。
  Passage 4
 31. B  细节推断题。文章第一段最后一句提到“Adults with pre-existing conditions will be added in four years.”(四年内,发生往来病史的成年人也以纳入投保范围),通过推断答案为B。
32. A  细节推断题。由于文章第二段第三句“In all, the plan aims to make health insurance available to 32 million people now without it.”(总而言之,该计划目的在于为目前没有医疗保险的三千两百万美国人提供担保。)能够A起对。
33. B  细节推断题。文章第四段第二、其三句句提到“The law will also require companies with more than 50 employees to offer coverage. If not, they could face a fine of $2,000 a year for every worker.”(该法律还要求有超过50称雇员的商店参保。否则,他们以面临2,000美元每人每年的罚款。),立即就表示现在没有相应的惩处。想B起对。
34. A  细节推断题。文中第五段第二句提到“That is a lack of Medicaid coverage for some drug costs for older Americans.”(立即指的是看保障项目对美国老年人使用的少数药物费用缺少覆盖。),想A起对。
35. C  文章主旨题。从文章第二段第一句“The government will help millions of people pay for insurance.”和文章最后一句“...but also help reduce the federal budget deficit.”能够奥巴马的治改革以“benefit both the people and the country”。所以C起对,其他各项文章均无提及。
  参考译文:
 
    奥巴马总统已签署法律,针对医保体系进行45年来最大的改革。这项计划的多部分用四年时间才全面生效,但是其中部分方将很快生效。例如,六只月内,新的法律将禁止保险公司拒绝为在过往病史(pre-existing conditions)的儿童投保。四年内,发生往来病史的成年人也以纳入投保范围。
    政府用救助数百万人口付出保险费用,还以允许数百万人口通过低收入人口医疗保障计划(Medicaid program)取得免费覆盖。总而言之,该计划目的在于为目前没有医疗保险的三千两百万美国人提供担保。但是非法移民将不能与。
    现在,预测83%法定居住在美国的65年以下的人数为保险覆盖,该计划期望在几乎年内将医保覆盖面提升到95%。65年以上人口由政府在1965年举办的治保障项目(Medicare)提供担保覆盖。
    四年内,美国民众将首先次被要求参加医疗保险,否则每年还以面临罚款。该法律还要求有超过50称雇员的商店参保。否则,他们以面临2,000美元每人每年的罚款。
    今年,该法律还以关闭所谓的“甜甜圈洞”。立即指的是看保障项目对美国老年人使用的少数药物费用缺少覆盖。奥巴马总统向年长市民应,治改革不会减少他们的管教利益。
这项长达10年的计划预计将耗资9400亿美元,但是还要帮助削减了联邦预算赤字。
  Part III. Vocabulary and Structures (20 points)
 36. A  provided 引导句子时发出“如果”之意。provided(经常 ~ that;表明条件)在…法下;如果,如果,如果 (only if);unless 除非,如果不 (= if…not);though虽然;尽管;until在…以前;直至…经常。写干意思:如果你不介意乘坐这回夜间火车的话,你就能够准时到达广州赶上时装秀。
37. D  主题考查时态。路上中的“遇”凡是过去发生的动作,所以排除A(一般现在时)和C(消极语态);B选择(过去完成时)一般与过去式组合。所以对答案为D。写干意思:学生们刚刚在议论他们在路上中遇到的陌生人。
38. D  主题考查There be的用法。“There being”普通表示“已经在”的工作。“There to be”可以看作一个动词的宾语,我们便称为复合宾语,那个意义时表示对未来的同种意愿或想,但是目前还没“在”。写干意思:立即群运动员期望回国后有更多的自由时间。
39. A  主题考查过去进行时被动语态的用法。依照句所强调的是“刚巧在”被钉,所以要用过去进行时的消极语态。写干意思:被钉的这个人经常地停下来,接近是纪念去系鞋带。
40. A  主题考查的是名词性从句引导词。“will be rewarded”凡是真正的谓语动词,前应当是名词性定语从句做主语。A选择“Those who”和“who it will be(单数)”彼此矛盾;B选择应当是“Anyone who”;D选择与题意不符。写干意思:虽然我们不了解这个人是谁,但是无论谁提前完成此项工作都将取得奖励。
41. D  根据题意,as soon as所指引的时间状语从句中,谓语动词finish所发生的时间为“过去前”。这里的“过去前”如果用一般过去时来表示,并非过去以来时,所以选项D凡是正确答案。as soon as所引起的时间状语从句中,所以一般过去时表示“过去前”时间的用法,类似于用一般现在时来表示“将来”时间的用法。写干意思:末了自己决定一做完手头的工作就是失去拜访我的新任总经理。
42. C  besides that此外;in that完全呢“因为”;except that只可惜;除了了…外。写干意思:立即少只国家的情况相似,因为冬季降雪很多。
43. C  while凡是并列连词,完全呢“如果,却”,内外有比的意味。写干意思:一个四上特别的男孩竟然能够解决这样有难度的题材,如果他们自己却不能,针对这个他们非常是惊奇。
44. A  that但是引导同位语从句,证明被修饰名词的内容。写干意思:发生消息如下全面多英国航空公司职员将出席罢工。
45. A  这个一个主语从句,it 依靠代 that 后的内容。be made of 凡是永恒词组,完全呢“使用”。写干意思:我们可以说就是这笔钱的最用处。
46. A  had rather宁愿,宁愿;had better最好;would rather宁愿,宁愿;would better应该,必须。写干意思:上不早了。我们最好这就走,否则即赶不达到最后一次班车了。
47. A  引导结果状语从句的句型主要起:so+adj(adv)+that从句;so+adj+a(an)+n+that从句;such+a(an)+adj+n+that从句。表示“这样……(一个)……直至……”。写干意思:这样好的同栋房子以至于可以容纳一百个人共同跳舞。
48. B  I can never thank you too much.完全呢“自己不管怎么感谢你还不为过(多)——即使感激不尽。”接近的发表还有 I can’t agree more——异常支持。写干意思:针对你的帮助我代表感激。如果是没有您的帮助,自己不能完成我的论文。
49. B  tire轮胎,如果疲倦,厌烦,劳累;tired疲倦的,疲惫的,发疲倦;tiring累人的;tiresome 使得人讨厌,无聊的,困难的。写干意思:今日早晨遇她经常,它一脸疲惫,昨日定是工作到十分晚。
50. B  much as(虽然,尽管)表明让步;less than小于,切不,并非;more than不但是,超越;rather as不是标准词组。写干意思:夏威夷不仅是单休闲天堂,并且还是单飘浪的绝佳地方。
51. B  turned on开辟,发动;turned off关上,生产,解雇;turned down关小,调低,拒绝; turned over跨来,翻倒;移交,到;仔细考虑。写干意思:他拒绝自所起起的标准,自己简直不能相信。
52. B  set eyes on凡是永恒词组,完全呢见到,见。写干意思:立即是自己见过的最好的风景之一。
53. A  taste在这里举行感官系动词,后接形容词做补足语,证明主语情况,接近的相关动词还有feel, sound, smell。写干意思:立即中药虽然尝起来苦,但是一定是发生助的。
54. D  主题的后半部分是主句,实在的谓语动词是switched on。Night引导的是从句,having fallen凡是现在分词完成式,举行状语。写干意思:晚上降临时,在房里学习的这个女孩打开了灯,怀念就读。
55. D  as directed啊as they are directed的简单形式,as引导方式状语,完全呢“造型…”如果like啊介词,不可引导从句。当从句中的主语与主句中的主语一致时,从句中的主语和谓语动词的部分可以概括。写干意思:医生们说起百分之50的多的病人不按照说明书用药。
56. B  break down说;take down记下,抢占,拆,生病;make up弥补,结合,美容,整,编造;bring up提出,教育,拉,吐出,(船等)停止。写干意思:对于复杂问题的解决办法一般就是把问题分成多只小有,粗略一些的题材来处理。
57. C  to such a great extent完全呢“这样好的水平达到”。写干意思:由于人类这么好程度达到依赖深林,所以我们应尽一切的努力为保护树木和野生动物。
58. A  extinct杜绝的,绝种的,消灭的;existent生者,在的;distinct明显的,异常的,了解的,有区别的;diverse不同的,各种各样的,变多的。写干意思:多生活在几乎千年以前的动物现在已没有绝了。
59. B  comprehensible但是理解的;comprehensive广泛的,归纳的;expressive发生表现力的;intensive增强的,集中的,增强语气的。写干意思:政府对电子工业发展的计划作了详细的解释。
60. D  turn out生产,结果是,掩,出动,赶;fall out脱落,争吵,离队;let out自由,泄漏,租;drop out脱离,退学,脱离。写干意思:多学生因没有准备好应对我们的挑战性项目要中途退出了。
61. A  she meant well完全呢“它是爱心的”;pointed指出;looked在押起来;sensed发。写干意思:当它说它准备帮助我们摆脱困境时,它是爱心的。
62. C  size高低,尺寸;scope克,余地,视野,识,导弹射程;scale规模,比例,鳞,刻度,天平,数值范围;dimension维,尺,浅正,容积。on a global scale凡是单固定词组,完全呢“世界范围的,全球性的,世界范围内”。写干意思:一个发生生命力的自由市场体系能够在世界范围内促成繁荣和进步。
63. D  road公路,道路,一手;way办法,道路,方向,行业,习惯;path道路,小路,轨道;route途径,航线,通道,flight routes航线。写干意思:乘旅游业的快速增长,国和国间以开辟更多的航线。
64. C  infer想,想;inform通知,告知,告知;confirm尤其证明,规定,支持;contact联系,点。写干意思:呼吁让自己来封信,哼更证明你在电话中传达的消息。
65. B  in touch of但是接近的,但是完成的,但是达到的;in charge of担负,主办;in honor of向…致敬,向…表示敬意,啊庆祝…;in pursuit of寻求,追求。写干意思:红十字会负责为难民空运供给。
66. C  position位置,职位,态度;strength力量,强度,力气,兵力,优点;power力量,势力,动力;right正确,右,公正,权利。within one’s power完全呢“能够”。写干意思:你的债务状况只是暂时,你有能力解决。
67. A  bear结果的,经受,有,支持;resist拒,忍,忍住;take以,取得,使用,吃,接受;put放,发挥,移动,安置,给予。写干意思:和他感到自己的旺盛为摧毁的烦恼相比,身体的痛苦更加容易受。
68. B  distance离开,远处,远,间隔;gap间隙,缺口,空白;lag取得后,缓,防止套,罪犯,桶板;disagreement不相同,争论,观不一。写干意思:近来绝大多数民意调查表明两党之间的隔阂已经缩小。
69. D  discomfort不适,不安;bother劳动,堵;difficulty困难,困境;inconvenience困难,劳动。写干意思:由于大雾,本次航班取消。通过被你带来的困难,邀请原谅。
70. D  raised up选举起,抬起;backed up支持,帮助,(资料)备份,落后;mixed up混淆,打,调和;cleared up澄清,清理,放晴,扫。写干意思:他们以自己误认为是威廉了,但是这种误会在晚餐期间为澄清了。
71. B  emotion情;情绪;instinct本能,直觉,生性;response响应,影响,答;sense发,官能;价值观,道理,理智。写干意思:自己应该与在我的第一直觉走,那么就是不失做那次采集。
72. A  worth价值…的,价值,资产;value价值,重要,价格,评论,估计,重视;worthy值得的,有价值的,配得上的,配合的,但是尊敬的,应…的,突出人物,名人;valuable有价值的,难得的,但是估价的,难得物品。be worth something = be worth doing something = be worthy of something = be worthy to be soemthing = be worthy of doing something。写干意思:在这个而,委员会面临的题材是这样的研究是否值得这笔花费。
73. D  in the belief that相信……;in order that目的是……;on the excuse that作为……的辩解;on condition that因为……作为条件。写干意思:我们接受你的订货,法是必须提前付款,还得连运输费用。
74. C  look out注意,向外看;make out辨认,了解,写出;work out(=develop, devise, arrange)制订,计划;hold out坚持,伸出,提供,保持,抵制,主张,在押。写干意思:项目经理问他的助手能否在相同周中完成(制订出)投资方案。
75. B  maintain保持,继续,维修,主张,供奉;motivate振奋,如果产生思想,振奋…的积极;dominate决定,决定,占优势,在…受到占有第一地位;determine决定,判决,如果…下定决心。写干意思:如果想获取真正的成功,你必须认识到激励自己的是什么和自己的活兴趣是什么。
  Part . Close
 76. B  neglect忽视,忽视,怠慢;shortage不足,缺乏,缺乏;ignorance无知,愚昧,不知,不懂;lacking缺乏的,没的,不足的。
77. C  seeing to注意,注意;owing to由于,因为;according to根据,依照,在于,依照……所说;referring to关于;提及;参阅。
78. D  low interest rate没有利息率,low inflation rate没有通货膨胀率。
79. A  affected受到影响的;effected实现了的;被影响的;infected被染的;selected选择出的。
80. D  主题考查的是针对“not...but”的控制,完全呢“不是……而是”
81. B  linked to链接到,把……和……一连,把…和…联系起来;based on因为……为基础,根据;interested in针对……有兴趣;taken in针对……况且考虑;收进。
82. B  it举行形式宾语。find后常加式宾语,再加形容词,末了加带to 的动词不定式。不定式短语to defend otherwise good policies举行finds的宾语,difficult凡是宾语补足语。
83. C  restrictions on表示“针对……的限制”,接近的用法还有lift sanctions on取消制裁;impose  sanctions on进行制裁;实行制裁。
84. C  power力量,势力,动力;force力量,军队,军队,魄力;right正确,右,公正,权利;strength力量,强度,力气,兵力,优点。have rights to do sth发生权去做有事。
85. A  which引导不限制性定语从句,依靠代“House of Lords report”。
参考译文:
今日的同份报道宣称,在过去十年里,国家的经济已经大大地得益于大量的移民。
根据工作基金会的报道,移民的来到已经帮助国家避免了劳动力和娴熟工人的缺乏,经济能够在“稳定发展的路”达到继续得以保持。
由于人们来到英国工作,利息和通货膨胀率为被保持在低水平——并且这并没导致工人工资更没有和失业状况受到影响。报道宣称,“政府对移民问题直接感到非常困难,不是因为掌控不了移民问题,而是因为政府不能够传递一个根据稳定高质量信息且有说服力的消息。”
“法定的统计数据是这样的混乱,直至政府发现很难去吗本就是很好的政策进行辩解。”工作基金会呼吁应该放松对罗马尼亚人口和保加利亚人口的工作限制。立即少只国家去年参加了欧盟,但是其公民却没足够的权利移居英国。
这些研究和上议院最近的同份报告相冲突,上议院的报告称,没证据表明移民为英国发生了明显的经济效益。
  Part Writing :
                     The problems I faced on my job
        It is universally acknowledged that it is hard to survive in the battlefield of career. Numerous problems may occur even if we are well-prepared.
        I still remembered the most difficult problem I encountered on my job is about how to get along with my colleagues. It seems quite easy on the surface, but at that time I tried my utmost to establish a harmonious relationship with them and I failed. First, it is hard to deal with my female colleagues.           What I tell them today is what other colleagues know tomorrow. It is impossible for them to keep words. Second, I find difficulty in communicating with my supervisor. It seems he is never satisfied with my work.
        I tried several ways to improve the situation. For my female colleagues, I made it a rule that I will never talk about other colleagues’ privacy with them. I never make any negative comments. Instead, I use positive words to describe other people. For my supervisor, I tried to communicate with him when he is less impatient and moody. People tend to accept others’ opinions when they are relaxed and in a happy mood. I find this method very helpful.
        Now I am a senior staff in my company. When problems occur, it is no use complaining about them. My own experience is good example to show that problems can be solved successfully.