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2015年11月湖南成人教育学位英语【宪章】试题和答案解析(其三)
通告时间:2015年09月20日 来:湖南大学自考办

2015年湖南成人高等教育学士学位
英语模拟试题和答案解析(其三)
【答案在最后】

 

选作题I:

 
Part IDialogue Communication ( 15 % )
Directions: In this section, you will read 15 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each followed by 4 choices marked A ,B , C and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue by marking the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
1. Speaker A: Firstly, allow me to introduce myself. My name is John Brown, manager of the company.
Speaker B:       
A. You must be mistaken. I don' t know you at all.
B. Hello, Brown! I haven' t seen you for ages.
C. How do you do, Mr. Brown? Very happy to see you.
D. Hi, John! Welcome to China.
 
2. W: How long can I keep the book?
M:       
A. Yes. You can keep it.
B. No. I' m afraid you should return it now.
C. Three weeks. But you can renew it if you need it for a longer time.
D. You can take it at any time you want.
 
3. Speaker A: Take a seat, Mr. Brown. Could you tell me which position you think most appeals to you?
Speaker B:       
A. Well, I' m easy-going and have many personal interests.
B. I' m strong-willed and determined.
C. I prefer to take the post of sales manager if you think I' m qualified.
D. I don' t quite care whatever is offered to me.
 
4. W: I was thinking of staying in tonight to surf the Internet, do you want to join me?
M:       
A. Staying in tonight to surf the Internet? It' s a good idea. Enjoy yourself.
B. Join you with the Internet? What about the Internet?
C. What I want to do is nothing else but take a walk.
D. Not really. I work on the computer all day long. I need a break from computer' s screen.
 
5. Speaker A: I wonder if Ann will come. It' s 8:30 now and she was supposed to come at 8: 00.
Speaker B:       
A. She assured me she would start at 7: 30. Maybe she had been held up by the traffic.
B. You shouldn' t be wondering. I believe she won' t come.
C. Don' t worry. Let' s wait here until she comes.
D. Yes. I do agree with you.
 
6. M:What are you doing?
W:Trying to get this wine stain(污渍) out of the carpet.
M:Hang on. There' s some soda here. It should take the stain right out.
W :Really? Hey,       
A. it is really functioning.
B. it is really working.
C. it is really playing.
D. it is really influencing.
 
7. Endy : Hi, Tom. How is everything?
Tom.       
A. I don' t care at all.
B. No good, thanks.
C. Not bad. How are you?
D. Thank you for asking.
 
8. Grandpa: Robbie, we' ll go fishing soon, and we' ll take your Dad with us.
Grandson: I'm ready, Grandpa.       
A. You name the day.
B. Enjoy yourselves.
C. You can' t miss it.
D. Take your time.
 
9. Teacher: Where is Mike this morning?
Student: He' s got a cold.
Teacher:       
A. Just tell him to take it easy.
B. He is absent.
C. What' s the matter with him ?
D. What? Where is he?
 
10. W: How was the job interview? I think you make a good journalist(记者).
M:       
 A. Well. My application was a journalist.
 B. Well. I gave it up as I was a journalist.
 C. Well. The interview is OK. But I want to be a journalist.
 D. Well. The people interviewed were not very cooperative.
 
11. Speaker A: Have you ever done any work in this field?
 Speaker B :       
 A. It doesn' t mean I can' t do it well without experience.
 B. No. But we did some practice in class.
 C. Maybe I can try it now.
 D. This is just the chance for me to practice.
 
12. W : This book is great. I can' t put it down.
 M:       
 A. What? I can' t imagine your being excited by a book.
 B. Sorry. Books cannot attract you so much.
 C. I doubt you are involved in something else.
 D. Perhaps this book is something mysterious.
 
13. Waiter:       
 Customer: Yes, I' ll have a cheeseburger, with French fries(薯条).
 A. What do you want to eat?
 B. Have you decided what to have yet?
 C. Excuse me, are you ready to order now?
 D. Excuse me, but who' s like to order?
 
14. W: How did you do with your essay for Professor Black Scott?
 M.       
 A. Everything is OK. But I failed to finish it.
 B. Professor Smith Scott didn' t work successfully enough to let me believe in him.
 C. Nonsense. It' s not your business.
 D. Not too bad, it took me almost 10 hours.
 
15. Mary: Tom, would you like to go to a party this Sunday?
 Tom:         What kind of party ?
 Mary: It' s a birthday party.
A. Sounds good
B. Looks nice
C. Seems all right
D. Feels excellent
 
Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)
Directions : There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A ,B , C and D. You should decideon the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
Passage 1
 
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
 
Some psychologists(心理学家) maintain that mental acts such as thinking are not performed
in the brain alone, but that one' s muscles also participate. (76) It may be said that we think with
our muscles in somewhat the same way that we listen to music with our bodies.
You surely are not surprised to be told that you usually listen to music not only with your ears
but with your whole body. Few people can listen to music without moving their body or, more specifically, some part of their body. Often when one listens to a symphonic concert on the radio, he is attracted to direct the orchestra (乐队) even though he knows there is a good conductor on the job.
Strange as this behavior may be, there is a very good reason for it. One cannot derive all possible enjoyment from music unless he participates, so to speak, in its performance. The listener "feels" himself into the music with more or less noticeable motions of his body.
( 77 ) The muscles of the body actually participate in the mental process of thinking in the same
way, but this participation is less obvious because it is less noticeable.
 
1. Some psychologists think that thinking is       
A. not a mental process
B. more of a physical process than a mental action
C. a process that involves our entire bodies
D. a process that involves the muscles as well as the brain
 
2. The process of thinking and that of listening to music are similar in that       
A. both are mental acts
B. muscles participate in both processes
C. both processes are performed by the entire body
D. we derive equal enjoyment from them
 
3. Few people are able to listen to familiar music without       
A. moving some part of their body
B. stopping what they are doing to listen
C. directing the orchestra playing it
D. wishing that they could conduct music properly
 
4. The listener's way of "feeling" the music is       
A. the unnoticed motion of his muscles
B. "participating" in the performance
C. bending an ear to the music
D. being the conductor of the orchestra
 
5. According to the passage, muscle participation in the process of thinking is       
A. deliberate
B. Apparent
C. indistinct
D. impressive
 
Passage 2
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
 
It is difficult to imagine what life would be like without memory. (78) The meanings of. thousands of everyday perceptions , the bases for the decisions we make, and the roots of our habits and
skills are to be found in our past experiences, which are brought into the present by memory.
Memory can be defined as the capacity to keep information available for later use. It includes
not only "remembering" things like arithmetic or historical facts, but also involving any change in
the way an animal typically behaves. (79) Memory is involved when a rat gives up eating grain be-
cause he has sniffed something suspicious in the grain pile. Memory is also involved when a six-
year-old child learns to swing a baseball bat.
Memory exists not only in humans and animals but also in some physical objects and machines. Computers, for example, contain devices for storing data for later use. It is interesting to
compare the memory-storage capacity of a computer with that of a human being. The instant-access memory of a large computer may hold up to 100,000 " words" --ready for instant use. An average U.S. teenager probably recognizes the meaning of about 100,000 words of English. However, this is but a fraction of the total amount of information which the teenager has stored. Consider, for example, the number of faces and places that the teenager can recognize on sight.
The use of words is the basis of the advanced problem-solving intelligence of human beings.
A large part of a person' s memory is in terms of words and combinations of words.
 
6. According to the passage, memory is considered to be       
A. the basis for decision making and problem solving
B. an ability to store experiences for future use
C. an intelligence typically possessed by human beings
D. the data mainly consisting of words and combinations of words
 
7. The comparison made between the memory capacity of a large computer and that of a human being shows that       
A. the computer' s memory has a little bigger capacity than a teenager' s
B. the computer' s memory capacity is much smaller that an adult human being' s
C. the computer' s memory capacity is much smaller even than a teenager' s
D. both A and B
 
8. The whole passage implies that         
A. only human beings have problem-solving intelligence
B. a person' s memory is different from a computer' s in every respect
C. animals are able to solve only very simple problems
D. animals solve problems by instincts rather than intelligence
 
9. The phrase "in terms of" in the last sentence can best be replaced by       
A. "in connection with"
B. "expressed by"
C. "consisting"
D. "by means of"
 
10. The topic of the passage is:       
 A. What would life be like without memory ?
 B. Memory is of vital importance to life.
 C. How is a person' s memory different from an animal' s or a computer' s?
 D. What is contained in memory ?
 
Passage 3
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
 
Today anyone will accept money in exchange for goods and services. People use money to
buy food, furniture, books, bicycles and hundreds of others they need or want. When they work,
they usually get paid in money.
Most of the money today is made of metal or paper. But people used to use all kinds of things
as money. One of the first kinds of money was shells.
Shells were not the only things used as money. In China, cloth and knives were used. In the
Philippine Islands, rice was used as money. In some parts of Africa, cattle were one of the earliest
kinds of money. Other animals were used as money, too.
The first metal coins were made in China. They were round and had a square hole in the center. People strung them together and carried them from place to place.
Different countries have used different metals and designs for their money. The first coins in
England were made of tin. Sweden and Russia used copper to make their money. Later, other
countries began to make coins of gold and silver.
But even gold and silver were inconvenient if you had to buy something expensive. Again the
Chinese thought of a way to improve money. They began to use paper money. (80) The first paper
money looked more like a note from one person to another than paper money used today.
Money has had an interesting history from the days of shell money until today.
 
11. Which of the following can be cited as an example of the use of money in exchange for services?
 A. To sell a bicycle for $20.
 B. To get some money for old books at a garage sale.
 C. To buy things you need or want.
 D. To get paid for your work.
 
12. Where were shells used as money in history?
A. In the Philippines.
B. In China.
C. In Africa.
D. We don' t know.
 
13. Why, according to the passage, did ancient Chinese coins have a square hole in the center?
 A. Because it would be easier to put them together and carry them around.
 B. Because it would be lighter for people to carry them from place to place.
 C. Because people wanted to make it look nicer.
 D. Because people wanted to save the expensive metal they were made from.
 
14. Why does the author say that even gold and silver were inconvenient if you had to buy some-
 thing expensive?
 A. Because they are easy to steal.
 B. Because they are difficult for people to obtain.
 C. Because they are not easy to carry around.
 D. Because they themselves are expensive, too.
 
15. Which do you choose as the best title for this passage?
 A. Money and Its Uses
 B. Different Things Used as Money
 C. Different Countries, Different Money
 D. The History of Money
 
Part II Vocabulary and Structure (30 % )
Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
16. Darkness doesn' t trouble cats, for they can see       
 A. in dark
B. in the dark
 C. in a darkness
D. in darkness
 
17. The earthquake happened in       
A. late 1960s
B. the late of 1960s
C. late of 1960s
D. late of the 1960s
 
18. If you want to become a doctor, you ought to study       
A. medicine
B. the medicine
C. literature
D. the literature
 
19. I' ve got        today.
A. the bad toothache
B. a bad toothache
C. bad toothaches
D. the bad toothaches
 
20. "What' s in your hand?"
 "It is a        bill. "
A. two-thousand dollar
B. two thousand dollars
C. two-thousand-dollar
D. two-thousand-dollars
 
21. By the time the war        , most of the people had already left.
A. broke out
B. broke up
C. intervened
D. happen
 
22. My father was asked to        the New York office.
A, take part in
B. take place
C. take over
D. take in
 
23.        work has been done to improve people' s living standard.
A. Many
B. A great many
C. A large number of
D. A great deal of
 
24. Lincoln thought it was wrong to keep Negroes        slaves.
A. in
B. as
C. for
D. at
 
25. The search was        when the fog got thicker.
A. called off
B. called on
C. called in
D. called for
 
26. After being tested in many ways, this newly-designed machine will        in the near future.
A. take place
B. put into use
C. come into use
D. take action
 
27. If you associate with such people, I' m afraid you        serious trouble.
A. are heading for
B. are making
C. are avoiding
D. are creating
 
28. From then on, a sound system of Party Committee meetings was        in all leading bodies.
A. constructed
B. instituted
C. confirmed
D. given up
 
29. The train will        from Platform 2 at 3:45 on Tuesday morning.
A. depart
B. arrive
C. stop
D. derail
 
30. A judge must be        when weighing evidence.
A. interested
B. disinterested
C. separated
D. disconnected
 
31. At present time, people have a trend to live in the       
A. suburb
B. suburbs
C. garb
D. outskirts
 
32. This kind of work is        me.
A. unfamiliar with
B. unfamiliar by
C. unfamiliar to
D. not unfamiliar of
 
33. You must         the facts and should not run away from the truth.
A. look
B. Sight
C. front
D. face
 
34. It' s no use ringing me up at the office this week because I' m       
A. by my leave
B. at leave
C. in holidays
D. on holiday
 
35. There is no mason why you should tell them        that you are going.
A. for advance
B. in advance
C. on advance
D. of advancing
 
36. She        and fell from the top of the stairs to the bottom.
 A. slipped
B. sloped
C. split
D. spilt
 
37. He has arrived late       
A. as usual
B. as usually
C. like usual
D. like usually
 
38. Have you any other reasons        the ones you just mentioned above?
 A. in addition to B. beside
 C. off D. at addition with
 
39. I didn' t know what to do but then an idea suddenly        me.
A. happened to
B. entered
C. occurred to
D. took place
 
40. The dog frightened the little girl        crying.
 A. into
B. to
C. with
D. for
 
41. Have you ever had        in your country?
 A. a women' s boxer
B. a woman' s boxer
 C. a women boxer
D. a woman boxer
 
42. May I have        that is on the top shelf?
 A. a bread
B. some bread
 C. loaf of bread
D. the loaf of bread
 
43. In some countries        are getting richer and richer.
 A. rich B. the richC. riches. D. the riches
44. Play is usually more enjoyable than       
 A. a job
B. Job
C. a work
D. work
 
45. The mini-skirt is       
 A. in fashions
B. in a fashion
 C. in fashion
D. in the fashion
 
Part Identification ( 10 % )
Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined pans marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
先后46-54写
先后55写

Part IV Cloze(10 )
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
Even a child knows that nodding head means "Yes". But some people would probably 56when they first came to India. When they talked to 57Indian, he would often shake his head. They 58think that the India did not like 59they said, but on the contrary, he was expressing 60
The Indians 61a habit of shaking their 62slightly when they talk to 63 It doesn' t mean "No", but " 64". If a person doesn' t 65, it might cause misunderstandings.
At one time, a foreign diplomat (外交官) 66told his driver who was an Indian 67him to his office. The driver 68his head. The young diplomat repeated his 69and the river shook his 70again. At last, the 71shouted angrily, "Drive me 72my office at once!" 73driver also in a quite loud 74, "Yes, sir. "smiling and 75his head at the same time.
 
56.
A. puzzled
B. be puzzled
C. puzzle
D. be puzzling
 
57.
A. a
B. an
C. one
D. another
 
58.
A. might
B. may
C. can
D. must
 
59.
A. that
B. which
C. how
D. what
 
60.
A. agree
B. Disagree
C. agreement
D. disagreement
 
61.
A. having
B. had
C. has
D. have
 
62.
A. head
B. heads
C. hand
D. hands
 
63.
A. anybody
B. somebody
C. nobody
D. everybody
 
64.
A. Yes
B. No
C. Not
D. Before
 
65.
A. know
B. speak
C. say
D. talk
 
66.
A. to India
B. on India
C. at India
D. in India
 
67. A. send
B. sending
C. to send
D. sent
 
68.
A. nodded
B. shakes
C. shaking
D. shook
 
69.
A. answer
B. request
C. question
D. difficulty
 
70.
A. hand
B. head
C. hands
D. driver
 
71.
A. diplomat
B. officer
C. Indian
D. difficulty
 
72.
A. at
B. in
C. to
D. into
 
73.
A. A
B. An
C. The
D. One
 
74.
A. sound
B. noise
C. sounds
D. voice
 
75.
A. shaking
B. nodding
C. shook
D./
 
Part V Translation (20 % )
 
Section A
Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so to identify their meanings in the context.
 
76. It may be said that we think with our muscles in somewhat the same way that we listen to music with our bodies. (Passage 1 )
77. The muscles of the body actually participate in the mental process of thinking in the same way, but this participation is less obvious because it is less noticeable. (Passage 1 )
78. The meanings of thousands of everyday perceptions, the bases for the decisions we make, and the roots of our habits and skills are to be found in our past experiences, which are brought into the present by memory. (Passage 2 )
79. Memory is involved when a rat gives up eating grain because he has sniffed something suspicious in the grain pile. (Passage 2 )
80. The first paper money looked more like a note from one person to another than paper money used today. ( Passage 3 )
 
Section B
Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.
 
81.针对自己来说,越早越好。
82.人口的学习能力似乎是最的。
83.约翰声称在他找到一份满意工作之前绝不结婚。
84.同辆卡车驶进了积雪覆盖的体育场。
85.啊已经逝去的时候悲伤是无效的。
 

选作题Ⅱ:

 
Part V Writing ( 15% )
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic "The Important of Self-confidence". You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:
 
1.全部都应有信心;
2.自信心的重要;
3.发生了正确的态度,建立信心是可能的。
 

2015年湖南成人高等教育学士学位
英语模拟试题答案解析(其三)
选作题I:

 
Part I Dialogue Communication
 
01-05:CCCDA       06-10:BCAAA        11-15:BACDA
 
Part I  Reading Comprehension
 
Passage l
 
1.D真情细节题。第一段第一句提到一些心理学家认为精神活动要思考不仅是大脑的移动,并且肌肉也参与其中,所以选D。
2.B  真情细节题。第一段最后一句提到我们用肌肉思考和用身体听音乐在某种程度达到是同的,所以选B。
3.A真情细节题。第二段中涉及很少有人听音乐时不回自己的身体,所以选A。
4.B推理判断题。第三段第二句提到如果一个人口不参与到音乐被,啊不怕是音乐演奏中,那么他就无法从音乐被取得所有的乐趣。
5.C真情细节题。文章最后一句提到肌肉以同的方法与了思考的过程,但是连不是非常明显,因为它不是非常容易被注意到。distinct“明显的,明显的”,前缀in表示否定。indistinct “不明显的,不明显的”。
 
Passage 2
 
6.B真情细节题。根据文章第二段的率先句,记忆力就是储存信息为供将来利用的能力。所以选B。A、C、D都是记忆力特点的一个地方,不能单独解释记忆力。
7.C推理判断题。根据文章的第三段,同尊计算机存储的“词汇”能够达到100,000单;如果一个十几年的少年的词汇量也能够达到100,000单。但是,根据文章,100,000单单词只是一个十几年的少年全部记忆存储的同小有。所以,计算机的“记得”储备量要比一个十几年的少年的记忆存储量小得多。因为于是在计算机和青年中进行的,和人无关,所以不能选B。
8.C推理判断题。从文章第二段小老鼠的事例可判断,动物为发生记忆,啊发生一定解决问题的智慧,所以C凡是针对的。根据文章最后一段第一句提到的“尖端智力advanced intelligence”能够动物为发生灵性,只是相比人类智慧低而已,所以A说只生人类才有解决问题的智慧是不准确的;D说动物解决问题靠本能而不靠智力也是不对的。如果根据文章的第三段,计算机在储存“词汇”上面和一个十几年的少年是同的,所以B说计算机存储和人脑记忆在各个方面还不相同是错误的。
9.B推理判断题。in terms of“根据;依照;所以…来说”。如果不了解该短语的意思,啊不过通过主语“一个人口的多数记忆”和“词或词组”中的涉及来判断。依照句的意思是一个人口的多数记忆都是靠词和词组表达出的。
10.B归纳概括题。文章的主题要根据内容来确定。第一段讲的是记忆的重要作用;第二段解释记忆是什么和那个表现;第三段讲人类将记忆功能以到机器如计算机中,连以人的记忆与计算机记忆进行比较;先后四段说大部分记忆都是通过词汇表现的。四只选择当中只有B再接近文章的主题,其他三只选择都只是篇提到的一个地方,还不拥有概括性。
 
Passage 3
 
11.D常识经验题。除非D(工作换取钱)才是钱和服务的交换,其他三项全是钱与商品的交换。
12.D真情细节题。由于文章没有关联贝壳最初是在哪里被用做货币的,所以选D。
13.A真情细节题。表现文章第四段的第二、三两句,华夏古代的钱有孔,重要是因为人们为带方便要以之差起来。所以选A。
14.C推理判断题。由于金银很重,如果一旦花多钱买某件东西的话,携带起来会格外困难。
15.D归纳概括题。本文章的写作脉络很清楚:先由今天的钱(钞票或硬币)说从,引出世界上最早的钱(每个国家还发生不同的东西来担任货币),随即说到最早的硬币,以后随着钱的改进,出现了纸币。末了作者总结钱的进步是同段有趣的历史。可见文章的重要内容是讲话钱的进步历史,所以选D。
 
Part   Vocabulary and Structure
 
16.B主题考查固定搭配。in the dark“在黑暗中”。旬意呢:黑暗不会要猫烦恼的,因为它在黑暗中会看见。
17.B主题考查固定搭配。in the l960s“在20百年60年代”,如果in the l890s“在19百年90年代”,年后面加s,表示几世纪几年代;late“末了”,in the late of表示“在…的后期”。句意呢:地震发生在20百年60年代的后期。
18.A主题考查习惯用法。study+学科,表示“宪章…学科”,这时的学科无需加冠词。如果study Chinese,study English相当。句意呢:如果你想成为一名医生,即使应该学医学。
19.B主题考查动词短语。get/have a toothache“牙疼”,如果9et/have a cold/headache“感冒/头疼”。句意呢:自己今天牙疼得厉害。
20.C主题考查定语名词的用法。two-thousand-dollar“两千美元的”,凡是形容词用来修饰bill。数词+名词做定语时,这个名词一般保留单数形式,如果“four—leg table”。句意呢:你手里是什么?凡是同张两千美元的纸币。
21.A主题考查动词短语。break out“(不高兴的工作)突然发生,爆发”;break up“打碎,拆;收”;intervene“(between)参与,插;(in)干涉,干预”;happen“(偶尔)发生; (to)刚巧”。句意呢:战争爆发的时候,大部分人口已经离开了。
22.C主题考查动词短语。take part in“出席”;take place“发生”;take over"“接管”;take in “收;了解”。句意呢:自己父亲吃要求接管纽约办公厅。
23.D主题考查修饰词的用法。many,a great many和a large number of都是修饰可反复名词复数形式的;a great deal of修饰不可数名词。work凡是不可反复名词,所以选D。句意呢:啊增强人们的活水平已做了多工作了。
24.D主题考查动词搭配。keep in“保持;隐瞒”;keep at“坚持,不断”;没keep as,keep for的用法。句意呢:林肯认为给黑人一直开奴隶是不对的。
25.A主题考查动词短语。call off“取消;被走”;call on“呼唤,呼吁;邀请;访问”;call in “召集,召来;来访”;call for“要求;倡议;啊…喝”。句意呢:雾变得越来越好导致调查取消了。
26.C主题考查动词短语。take place“发生;举行”;put into use“使用,使用”;come into use“开始让采用”;take action“使用行动”。句意呢:通过几次测试,立即款新型机器将在不久的将来被投入使用。
27.A主题考查动词搭配。head for trouble“自找麻烦”;make trouble“制造麻烦”;avoid“避免”;creat“创建”。句意呢:如果你和这种人共同,也许你是在自找麻烦。
28.B主题考查动词用法。construct“修建(建筑物);创建(思想等)”;institute“创建,设立 (机关,组织等)”;confirm“证明,证明”;give up“舍”。句意呢:从那时起,一个由主要团体组成的全面的党委会成立了。
29.A主题考查动词用法。depart“离开”继属from完全呢“从…离开”,继属for完全呢“出发去…”;arrive“到达”,继属at/in;stop的用法是stop to d0/doing sth.;derail“如果出轨”。句意呢:火车将在星期二的早晨3:45从第二站台离开。
30.B主题考查动词辨析。interested“感谢兴趣的”;disinterested“无私的;公正的”;separated “分居的;不在共同在的”;disconnected“不论关联的;支离破裂的”。句意呢:法官在权衡证据时得要不徇私情。
31.B主题考查名词辨析。suburb“(城市四周的)近郊住宅区;郊区”,普通用复数suburbs,重视指与城区相接或相邻的居住区;garb“衣着,装束”;outskirts“市郊;郊区”,普通指市区以外的地方。句意呢:现在,人人还赞成于住在郊区。
32.C主题考查短语搭配。sb.be familiar with sth./sth.be familiar to sb.“针对…深谙”,那个反义词是unfamiliar“不熟悉”。句意呢:自己对这种工作不熟悉。
33.D主题考查习惯用法。face the facts“对事实”。句意呢:你必须对事实,如果不应该逃避。
34.D主题考查介词短语。on holiday“在度假”。句意呢:立即周打我办公室电话是无效的,因为自己出度假了。
35.B主题考查介词短语。in advance“先,提前”。句意呢:没理由你若提前告诉他们你以去。
36.A主题考查动词辨析。slip“滑动,滑倒,落水”;slop“漫,溅溢”;split“对开,分裂”;spilt“漫,泻”,凡是spill的过去分词形式。句意呢:它滑倒了,从楼梯顶摔到了脚。
37.A主题考查介词短语。as usual“例如以往同”。句意呢:他像以往同来得晚。
38.A主题考查介词用法。in addition to“除了…外(还)”;beside“在旁边”;0ff“从…离开”;没at addition with这个短语。句意呢:除了你上面提到的理由外,你还发生其他的理由吗?
39.C主题考查动词辨析。happen to“发生(刚巧,刚巧,偶尔)”;enter“进,出席,登录,开始”;0ccur to“在…心里出现;回首”;take place“发生”。句意呢:自己不了解该做什么,但是过了一会儿脑中突然出现了一个想法。
40.A主题考查动词搭配。frighten sb.into doing sth.“吓唬某人做有事”。句意呢:立即条狗把小女孩吓哭了。
41.D主题考查名词用法。这里是woman(n.)举行定语修饰boxer。句意呢:你们国家已经发生女拳击手吗?
42.D主题考查数量词用法。a loaf of“同片”。that is on the top shelf修饰bread,所以用the loaf of。句意呢:自己能吃在架子上的面包吗?
43.B主题考查形容词用法。the+形容词(实质),表示一类人。句意呢:在多国,富人变得越来越富。
44.D主题考查名词用法。work举行“工作,作业”说话时,凡是不可反复名词;举行“写作,作品”说话时,凡是可反复名词。句意呢:玩通常比工作快得多。
45.C主题考查介词短语。in fashion“兴”。句意呢:迷你裙很盛行。
 
Part   Identitication
 
46.A烘托错误,应成为in which。相当in this respect。
47.B倒装结构错误,应成为had he。否定词never前置后面接倒装结构。
48.C修饰错误,应改变a。在没有比的情况下,所以最高级是不恰当的,通过反,a most beautiful表示非常好。
49.A再错误,应成为what happens。no matter what=whatever。
50.B短语用法错误,应把of消除。be proud of凡是永恒搭配。发生少数种句型:be proud of+名词/代词,be proud+that从句。
51.B动词形式错误,应成为seen。had+动词的过去分词,凡是动词的过去完成时形式。
52.D再错误,应把because消除。前why已经是代表原因了。The reason why…is凡是永恒句型,表示“举行…的原因是”。
53.C连词用法错误,应成为but。but表示转折,如果and凡是代表并列。
54.D形容词用法错误,应成为honest。honest凡是形容词修饰worker(n.),honestly凡是副词不能用来修饰名词。
55.C时态错误,应成为called。call的动作和discuss凡是发生在同一个时间段,如果不是在这个之前,所以不能用过去完成时。
 
Part   Cloze
 
56.B puzzled(adj.)“迷惑的,盲目的”,主语应是人口,would跟动词原形,所以需要接be;puzzling(adj.)“如果人头迷惑的、引迷茫的”,主语应是事物。所以选be puzzled。
57.B表示不确定,所以冠词a/an,India凡是因为元音音素开头的,所以选an。
58.A整篇文章用的过去式,所以A正确。D“必须”放原文,文章太肯定;B和C都不符题意。
59.D what相当something that,可以带主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句等。该句相当于…the things that they said。
60.C on the contrary表示对比,过去同句推出,这个句应表达相同种自然的口气。所以可以先去掉B和D。express“发挥,发挥”,后应跟名词做宾语,所以选agreement。
61.D该段是在讲述常识,使用一般现在时,并且主语是复数,所以选have。
62.B their“他们的”,后应跟复数名词,所以选heads。
63.B anybody“任何人”,用于否定和疑问句;somebody“某”,表示不确指,一般用得句;no-body“没生一个人口”;everybody“各一个人口”。归纳上下文,B正确,表示“和某谈话”。
64.A but表示转折。过去句“No”生产后句应填“Yes”。
65.A根据上下文,该句意呢:如果某人对此习俗不了解的话,即使可能发生误解。speak常跟语言(如果English,Chinese)相当搭配使用;say后跟具体的讲话内容;talk依靠“说话”。
66.A diplomat to+地方叫,表示“被选派到该地方的外交官”。
67.C tell sb.to do sth.表示“告知某人做有事”,to后需用动词原形。
68.D该段时态为一般过去式,下文The young diplomat repeated…证明外交官以及司机之间发生了误会。通过推出shook凡是正确的。
69.B request“呼吁,要求”;answer“答案”;question“题材”;difficulty“难题,困难”。
70.B shake one’s head完全呢“荡”。
71.A根据上下文推出此处应填diplomat。
72.C drive sb.to somewhere完全呢“开车送某人到某处”。
73.C表示确指概念时,名词前需要用定冠词the修饰。
74.D in a loud/low voice完全呢“大声地/小声地说话”。
75.A司机回答的是“Yes,sir”。那么根据文章所介绍的印度习俗,他当是摆的动作,所以只有A正确。
 
Part V Translation
 
Section A
 
76.可以说我们用肌肉思考和用身体听音乐在某种程度达到是同的。
77.肌肉以同的方法与了思考的过程,但是连不是非常明显,因为它不是非常容易被注意到。
78.多普通感知力的意义,我们做出决定的根据和我们习惯和技术的起源都可以在我们过去的经历中找到。如果有的这些都是由于记忆产生的。
79.当一只老鼠在粮食堆里嗅到可疑的意味时,它就会放弃吃,这时就是记忆在表达作用。
80.首先张人和人口中交流所运用的纸币和今天的对待,在押起来更如一张便条。
 
Section B
 
81. As far as I am concerned, the sooner, the better.
82. It seems that man' s learning capacity is unlimited.
83. John claimed that he wouldn' t man~y until he found a good job.
84. A truck pulled into the snow-covered playground.
85. It' s no use grieving over past time.
 
选作题Ⅱ:
 
Part V  Writing
            
The Importance of Self-confidence
 
Self-confidence is very important to our life. As a wise man once said, "If you have no confi-dence in yourself, you are twice defeated in the race of life. With confidence, you have won even before you have started. "
 
If you are full of self-confidence, your creativeness, your enthusiasm will all be aroused, and  you will overcome difficulties. As a result, your dreams will come true. On the contrary, if you  have no confidence in yourself, there is little possibility that you would ever achieve anything. Failure will be following you. But self-confidence comes only when you know yourself. You should know both your weaknesses and strengths. Only after this can you be well in doing great things.
 
Try something you' ve never done before. Just taking on a challenge, whether you succeed or not, can increase your confidence. In a word, self-confidence is greatly important to our success.
 
 

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