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2015年11月湖南成人教育学位英语【宪章】试题和答案解析(第二)
通告时间:2015年09月20日 来:湖南大学自考办

2015年湖南成人高等教育学士学位
英语模拟试题和答案解析(第二)
【答案在最后】

 
Part I  Dialogue Communication ( 15 % )
Directions: In this section, you will read 15 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue by marking the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
1. Waiter: Welcome, sir. May I help you?
Customer: 
A. Thank you. I have eaten a lot of food.
B. Yes, please. 1' d like a hamburger and a cup of coffee.
C. Sorry. I don' t need your help, thank you.
D. If you want to help me, I' 11 be glad to accept it.
 
2. W : How did your interview go?
M: 
A. A manager interviewed me.
B. I couldn' t feel better about it ! The questions were very fair, and I seemed to find answers for all of them.
C. I was fully confident that I answered all the questions to the needs of the interviewer.
D. I answered all the questions of the interviewer to his satisfaction. But he may discriminate against me.
 
3. Speaker A: It' s wonderful to hear that your book has been published.
Speaker B : 
A. Oh, it' s nothing special.
B. It' s OK.
C. I' m glad to hear you flatter.
D. No. Not a big deal for that.
 
4.W:How annoying! I can' t figure out a solution to this problem. Can you help me?
M: 
A. Why don' t you do it yourself?
B. OK. Though it' s beyond me, let me try.
C. You  shouldn' t feel annoyed. After all, it' s your own problem.
D. Well, I' m afraid I can' t at the moment.
 
5.Speaker A: I was hoping to get some bread from the bakery before it closes.
Speaker B. 
A. You' d better be quick. It will close at 7: 00.
B. My watch says 6: 50, I' m afraid you' 11 be late. But don' t be frustrated.
C. I don' t know when it closes.
D. I' ve never been to that bakery.
 
6. Tom: I see in the paper they' re sending more equipment to space. And we might have to live there someday.
John.  ! I' m staying right here !
A. Never I 
B. Not me
C. No me
D. None me
 
7. Goodbye ! 
A. I am looking forward to seeing you again.
B. Take care.
C. It' s such a short time meeting, please do not go.
D. Pay me another visit soon.
 
8. Speaker A: Would you like another piece of apple pie ( 苹果派)?
Speaker B : 
A. Don' t push me. I' ve hardly eaten on.
B. Come on. I can' t manage it.
C. No kidding. I can' t eat any more.
D. No, thanks. I' m on a diet.
 
9. Mike: Can I get you a cup of coffee?
Tom: 
A. I don' t take sugar, thank you.
B. That' s very nice of you.
C. You can, please.
D. Thank you for the coffee.
 
10. Speaker A: Do you happen to know what's on after the news?
Speaker B. 
A. There is no important news after that.
B. I' m not interested in the programs.
C. It' s a documentary about animals.
D. I hope to watch a movie after that.
 
11. Speaker A: There seems to be something wrong with the air-conditioner in our apartment.
 Speaker B : 
 A. I' m awfully sorry for that. I' ll see to it fight away.
 B. I do beg your pardon for the inconvenience.
 C. I just don' t know how to apologize for it.
 D. It' s not my fault. I feel sorry for it.
 
12. W: I do hope Peter do well in his studies this semester.
 M: 
 A. Yes. I hope so.
 B. Yes. Dear. But I am afraid the school is not nice enough.
 C. Neither do I. I don' t think his words would be as good as gold.
 D. Yes. Although we believe our son is honest, he may not work hard enough as he says.
 
13. M: That' s a beautiful dress you have on!
 W: 
 A. Actually, I don' t like it very much.
 B. Oh, thank you. I just got it yesterday.
 C. Yes, I think so.
 D. No, it' s not that beautiful. Yours is better.
 
14. Speaker A: If you like, I could help you paint (刷油漆) the room tomorrow.
 Speaker B. 
 A. You don' t have to give me a hand.
 B. That would be too much bother, but thanks anyway.
 C. I' m OK. You shouldn' t worry about that.
 D. Unfortunately I feel unable to accept your offer.
 
15. W: The experiment has been completed, hasn't it?
 M: 
 A. Yes. We need another week to complete it.
 B. Yes. It has been completed beautifully.
 C. No. It was completed last week.
 D. No. I have no idea about it.
 
Part I  Reading Comprehension (30%)
Directions : There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
Passage 1
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage :
 
Washington Irving was America' s first man of letters to be known internationally. His works were received enthusiastically both in England and in the United States. He was, in fact, one of the most successful writers of his time in the country, and at the same time winning the admiration of fellow writers like Scott in Britain and Poe and Hawthorne in the United States.
 
(76) The respect in which he was held partly owing to the man himself, with his warm friendliness, his good sense, his urbanity, his gay spirits, his artistic integrity, his love of both the Old World and the New.
 
Thackeray described Irving as "a gentleman, who, though himself born in no very high sphere,was most finished, polished, witty ; socially the equal of the most refined Europeans. " ( 77 ) InEngland he was granted an honorary degree from Oxford--an unusual honor for a citizen of ayoung, uncultured nation--and he received the medal of the Royal Society of Literature. Americamade him ambassador to Spain.
 
Irving' s background provides little to explain his literary achievements. A gifted but delicate child, he had little schooling. He studied law, but without zeal, and never did practice seriously.
 
He was immune to his strict Presbyterian home environment, frequenting both social gatherings and the theater.
 
1.The main point of the first paragraph is that Washington Irving was
A. America' s first man of letters
B. a writer who had great success both in and outside his own country
C. a man who was able to move from literature to politics
D. a man whose personal charm enabled him to get by with basically inferior work
 
2.What is implied by the mention of Scott, Poe and Hawthorne?
A.Irving enjoyed great popular admiration.
B.Scott. Poe and Hawthorne were primarily responsible for Irving' s success.
C.Irving' s work was not only popular, but also of high literary quality.
D.More Americans than Britons admired Irving.
 
3.Which of the following best describes the effect of Irving' s Presbyterian background on his life?
A. It fostered his love for the theater.
B. It developed his skill in business.
C. It prompted his interest in law.
D. It had almost no effect on his life.
 
4. Which of the following best describes the effect of Irving' s personal qualities on his literary success?
  A. His personal qualities were entirely responsible for his literary success.
  B. His personal qualities were primarily responsible for his literary success.
  C. His personal qualities had some effects on his literary success.
  D. His personal qualities had no effects on his literary success.
 
5. Why might Irving' s literary ability have been surprising to the English?
  A. They feared competition from American writers.
  B. They did not expect the United States to produce good writers.
  C. They disapproved of the language American writers used.
  D. They thought of the United States as a purely commercial power.
 
Passage 2
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
 
Traditionally, universities have carried out two main activities: research and teaching.
 
Many experts would argue that both these activities play a critical role in serving the community. The fundamental question, however, is how does the community want or need to be served?
 
In recent years universities have been coming under increasing pressure from both the governments and the public to ensure that they do not remain "ivory towers (象牙塔)" of study separated from the realities of everyday life. University teachers have been encouraged, and in some cases constrained (迫), to provide more courses which produce graduates with the technical skills required for the commercial use. (78) If Aristotle wanted to work in a university in the UK today, he would have a good chance of teaching computer science but would not be so readily employable as a philosopher.
 
A post-industrial society requires large numbers of computer programmers, engineers, managers and technicians to maintain and develop its economic growth but "man", as the Bible says, "does not live by bread alone. " (79) Apart from requiring medical and social services, which do not directly contribute to economic growth, the society should also value and enjoy literature, music and the arts. Because they can also promote economic growth. A successful musical play, for instance, can contribute as much to the Gross National Product through tourist dollars as any other things.
 
6. The main idea of the first paragraph is that 
A.traditional universities do a good job serving the society
B.universities must meet the needs of the society
C.research and teaching are of great importance in universities
D.universities play an important role in our society
 
7.We can infer from the second paragraph that 
A.the society is not satisfied with the present college education
B.the governments interfere too much with college education
C.teacher are forced to do what they don’t like to do
D.teachers dislike teaching commercially useful courses
 
8.The Aristotle example is used to make the point that 
A.universities in the UK have produced too much good for graduates
B.such abstract subjects as philosophy is no longer useful
C.education should serve the social needs
D.it is advisable for today’s philosophers to know computer science
 
9.According to the passage,literature,music and the arts 
A.do not contribute to economic growth at all
B.are less useful to the society because they do not make direct contribution to economic growth
C.are similar to medical and social services in their way of promoting economic growth
D.should develop only when they are good for economic growth
 
10.The author believes that 
A.art is useful only when it is made into a money earner
B.the promotion of economic growth is the only goal of today’s society
C.universities should not provide literature or art courses
D.the society needs both technical skills and arts
 
Passage 3
Questions 11to 1 5 are based on the following passage :
 
All the useful energy at the surface of the earth comes from the activity of the sun'.
 
The sun heats and feeds creatures and mankind.Each year it provides men with two hundred million tons of grain and nearly ten million tons of wood,coal,oil,natural gas,and all other fuels are stored energy from the sun.
 
(80) Some was collected by this season's plants as carbon compounds Some
was stored by plants and trees ages ago
 
Even waterpower derives from the sun.Water turned into vapor by the sun fails as rain.It courses down the mountains arid is converted to electric power.
 
Light transmits only the energy that comes from the sun’s outer layer,and much of this energy that is directed towards the earth never arrives.About nine tenths of it is absorbed by the atmosphere of the earth.In fact,the earth itself gets only one half millionth of the sun’s entire output of radiant energy.
 
11.The sun is the source of all of the following EXCEPT 
A.gasoline
B.natural gas
C.atomic power
D.animal fat
 
12.Radiant energy is stored as carbon compounds by
A.plants
B.water
C.rock
D.creatures
 
13.The sun’s energy provides US with all EXCEPT
A.rain
B.teal 
C.water
D.light
 
14.The largest part of the light energy directed towards the earth is
A.stored up by the plants
B.absorbed by the earth’s atmosphere
C.stored up by the animals in the form of body fat
D.used for electric power
 
15.Of me sun’s total output of radiant energy,the earth receives
A.one tenth
B.one millionth
C.all that comes from the surface of the sun
D.a very small portion
 
Part   Vocabulary and Structure(30 )
Directions : In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences For each sentence there are your choices marked A , B , C and D Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center·
 
16.You can’t hear what I’m sayingyou stop talking
A.only if
B.unless
C.lest
D. except that
 
17.He working fill he was seventy years old
A.kept up.
B.kept on
C.kept to
D. kept out
 
18.The novel ended happily,and the young couple was married
A.in the final
B.in the end
C.to the last
D.in conclusion
 
19.One warning wasto stop her doing it
A.suffered
B.sufficed
C.suggested
D.provided
 
20.It is estimated that the diseaseby polluted water will kill l out of every l00 children
A.causing
B.caused
C.to cause
D.will cause
 
21.He didn’t know l was in his office.He was too busy tome
A.pay attention to
B.notice
C.know
D.realize
22.Will you show me the girlname is Jane7
A.her
B.who’s
C.whose
D.which
 
23.The old gentleman never fails to helpis in need of his help.
A.who 
B.whoever
C. one
D. whomever
 
24.Mr.Holmes called at many schoolshe lived to ask them to accept his son,but he was  refused everywhere for being a black.
A.that
B.around where
C.near which
D.which
 
25.My wallet is nowhere to be found.Iwhen l was on the bus
A.must drop it
B.should have dropped it
C.must have dropped it
D.had dropped it
 
26.I could have done it better if Imore time.
A.have had
B.had
C.had  had
D.will have had
 
 27.  ,we should be glad
A.They arrive tomorrow
B.Were they arriving tomorrow
C.They were to arrive tomorrow
D.Were they to arrive tomorrow
 
28.I knew I could not finish my homework 
A.by he had come
B.until he came
C.when he comes
D.before he comes
 
29.It is notthat this situation will last very lon9.
A.alike
B.the like
C.like
D.likely
 
30.I on seeing the manager.The service in this hotel is terrible
A.insist
B.persist
C.affirm
D.protest
 
31.Experienced teachers make mistakes than beginners.
A.lesser
B.fewer
C.not many
D.very few
 
32.I prefer this book that one.
A.more than
B.to
C.than
D.rather than
 
 33.Do you know who fire to that Department Store?
A.made
B.set
C.started
D.caught
 
34.All life on the earth on the sun.
A. depends
B. carries 
C. keeps
D. goes
 
35. I can' t keep  the teacher who speaks so fast.
A. up 
B. up with 
C. with 
D. on with
 
36. What the teacher said had a great  on his later career.
A. effort
B. influence
C. result 
D. expression
 
37. Tom was such a football fan that he never  a single game in the season.
A. lost 
B. missed
C. failed
D. dropped
 
38. Are you interested  tennis?
A. in playing
B. for playing
C. on playing
D. to play
 
39. There were 30 students and of them passed the exam.
A. every 
B. every one
C. everyone
D. everybody
 
40. the places I' ve been to, I enjoyed the restaurant here the most.
A. From all
B. All of
C. of all 
D. All
 
41. The quality of this kind of computer is to that of imported computers,
A, worse
B. inferior
C. indifferent 
D. much better
 
42. I wish I could speak French  as John.
A, as good 
B. as better
C. as well
D. as best
 
43.  speaking, I think writing is rather boring.
A. Honest
B. Honestly
C. Very
D. Really
 
44. If you don' t go, I shall not
A. either
B.  too 
C. also 
D. yet
 
45. My brother is now working  he did last year.
A. much harder than
B. more harder than
C. more than 
D. much than
 
Part   Identification ( 10 % )
Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter oa the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

 2015年11月湖南成人教育学位英语模式试题和答案(第二)先后46-54写
55写
 
Part   Cloze ( 10 % )
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A,B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
  When we want to  56other people what we think, we can do it not only with the help of words, but also in many  57ways. For example, we sometimes move our heads  58  when we want to say "yes", and we move our heads  59when we want to. say "no" .
  People who can  60hear  60speak talk to each other with the help of their fingers. People who do not understand each other' s language have to do the same. The following story
shows  61they sometimes do it.
  62English man who could not speak Italian was  63travelling in Italy. One day he entered a restaurant and sat 64  a table. When the waiter came, the Englishman opened his mouth, 65his fingers into it,  66  them out again and moved his lip. In this way he meant to say, "  67  me something to eat. "The waiter soon brought him  68  tea. The Englishman 69  his head and the waiter understood that he didn' t want tea, so he took it 70and brought him  71  coffee. The Englishman was angry. He was just going to leave the restaurant 72  another traveller came in. When this man saw the waiter, he  73  his hands on his stomach. That was enough. In a  74  minutes there was a large plate of bread and meat  75  his table.
56.
A. say
B. speak
C. tell 
D. talk
 
57.
A. anything
B. another 
C. other
D. others
 
58.
A. now and then
B. over and over
C. up and down
D. here and there
 
59.
A. from mouth to mouth
B. from door to door
C. from the masses to the masses
D. from side to side
 
60.
A. not only...but also
B. as well...as
C. either...or
D. neither...nor
 
61.
A. how 
B. why
C. what
D. which
 
62.
A. The 
B. An
C. A
D. Any
 
63.
A. ever 
B. never
C. before 
D once
 
64.
A. in
B. at 
C. on
D. upon
 
65.
A. laid
B. played 
C. put 
D. stayed
 
66.
A. took 
B. put 
C. brought
D. carded
 
67.
A. bring
B. took
C. fetched 
D. carded
 
68.
A. a piece 
B. a packet of 
C. a cup of 
D. a box of
 
69.
A. shook
B. nodded 
C. bent
D. showed
 
70.
A. back 
B. away
C. out 
D. along
 
71.
A. any 
B. some
C. little
D. few
 
72,
A. when
B. where 
C. why
D. how
 
73.
A. stood
B. sat 
C. put 
D. placed
 
74.
A. a few
B. few 
C. little
D. a little
 
75.
A. at
B. over
C. under
D. on
 
Part V  Translation (20%)
 
Section A
Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so to identify their meanings in the context.
 
76. The respect in which he was held partly owing to the man himself, with his warm friendliness, his good sense, his urbanity, his gay spirits, his artistic integrity, his love of both the old  World and the New. (Passage 1 )
77. In England he was granted an honorary degree from Oxford--an unusual honor for a citizen of  a young, uncultured nation--and he received the medal of the Royal Society of Literature.( Passage 1 )
78. If Aristotle wanted to work in a university in the UK today, he would have a good chance of
teaching computer science but would not be so readily employable as a philosopher. (Passage 2)
79. Apart from requiring medical and social services, which do not directly contribute to economic growth, the society should also value and enjoy literature, music and the arts. (Passage 2)
80. Some was collected by this season' s plants as carbon compounds. Some was stored by plants and trees ages ago. (Passage 3 )
 
Section B
Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.
 
81.这位古希腊哲学家似乎会用简单的字表达复杂的思考。
82.据说有几单亲家庭的子女生非常悲惨。
83.如果你有空的话,呼吁来参加我们的讨论会。
84.警官已着手对这个案子进行密切、全面的调查。
85.自己若是校长的话,自己一定会给学生减负。
 
Part V  Writing, ( 15 % )
 
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic "My Ideal Job". You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below :
1.人人对职业各有不同的好;
2.自己好的职业是什么;
3.自己怎么为自己好的职业做准备。
 

2015年湖南成人高等教育学士学位
英语模拟试题答案解析(第二)

 
Part I Dialogue Communication
 
01-05:BBADA        06-10:BBDBC
11-15:AABBB
 
Part II  Reading Comprehension
 
Passage l
 
1.B推理判断题。第一段第一句就中心句,包括了立即同段的大意,即使华盛顿·欧文是首先在国际上享有盛誉的美国文人,也就是说他不仅在协调的国家,并且在国外也取得巨大的成功,B和这个最适合。段末干了C,但是为是为说明他的成功,包括在B受到。.A发挥不恰当;D文中没提及。
2.C句意理解题。立即句提到的Scott,Poe和Hawthorne还是当时英国和美国最著名的作家,欧文的作品负了他们的称赞,可以证实其作品有很高的文学艺术性。所以选C。
3.D真情细节题。文中最后一句话提到,严谨的新教长老会的活环境对他没其他影响,他经常会面光顾社交聚会和剧院。所以选D。
4.C真情细节题。第一段第四句中涉及,他所为的重视部分因他自己的天性,如果友好、文明、欢乐、办法的正当性等,即使他的天性对他文学道路上的成功有一定影响。所以选C。
5.B推理判断题。第一段倒数第二句提到a young,uncultured nation凡是靠当时的美国,可见当时的美国在英国人和欧洲人眼中是单年轻而又落后的国家,所以英国人没有料到在美国会出现这样好的作家。
 
Passage 2
 
6.B推理判断题。第一段提到研究和教学这少只大学里的重要活动为服务社会从重要作用,其实就是说,高等学校应该适应社会的需要。所以答案为B。
7.A推理判断题。第二段是说政府和社会对现在的大学教育不是非常满意,因为大学成为脱离社会的“象牙塔”,所以老师们刚刚在使用一些改的方法;B、C、D都是对文中意思的错误理解,所以选A。
8.B推理判断题。我们了解亚里士多德是著名的哲学家,他重视教学理论知识,如果现在的大学教育注重教学实用性的技术,例如哲学这种抽象、纯理论的学科不再有用了。所以选B。9.C真情细节题。末了一段提到,除了要医疗和社会服务,社会还需要重视和观赏文学、音乐和方法,它还是间接为经济增长做出贡献的。
10.D推理判断题。文中第二段讲述实用性技能的重要,第三段讲述此外社会还需要医疗、社会服务、文学艺术等,所以它还是社会必要的,所以选D。
 
Passage 3
 
11.C真情细节题。文章前半部分提到地球上所有的能量来源还离不开太阳,依照地球上的全部动植物,人类,树,煤矿,石油,天然气,其他燃料等,但是没有关联C“原子能”,所以选C。
12.A真情细节题。文中第四旬提到,太阳能作为碳的化合物储存在植物体内,所以选A。
13.B真情细节题。文中后半部分提到水能、雨水和就都是来于太阳能。没关联B“水鸭”,所以答案为B。
14.B真情细节题。文中倒数第二句提到约有特别之九的太阳光被地球的大气层吸收了,实在到达之很少。
15.D真情细节题。文中最后一句说,其实,地球只收了日光所有辐射能量的百很之零点五,所以是相当小的一个比例。
 
Part   Vocabulary and Structure
 
16.B  主题考查条件状语从句关联词的用法。lest“以免”引导目的状语从句,可以先去掉。only if和except that虽然引导条件状语从句,但是要放句首。所以只能选A。句意呢:你听不见我说什么,除非你已说话。
17.B主题考查动词短语。keep on doing“继续”;keep up“保持”;keep to“依照”;keep out “如果在外”。句意呢:他一直工作到70年。
18.B主题考查固定搭配。in the end“末了”,相当finally,at last;in conclusion“总而言之”,一般用于结束语。句意呢:部小说结尾很高兴,立即对青年最后结婚了。
19.D主题考查动词辨析。provide“供给,防止,防止”;suffer“受到”;suffice“足足,满足…的需要”;suggest“建议”。句意呢:一个警告阻止了它做这件事。
20.B主题考查动词形式。根据句意,应该是由于污染和引起的疾病,所以应该用过去分词caused,表明被动。句意呢:据估计,各100单子女中尽管发生1单非常于由水污染引发的疾病。
21.B主题考查动词辨析。notice“注意到”;pay attention to“注意”,凡是靠集中精力注意某事;know“认识”;realize“认识到”。句意呢:他不了解自己在他的办公里。他太忙了,直至没注意到我。
22.C  主题考查定语从句引导词用法。引导词在定语从句中做定语,所以该用whose。句意呢:你能负给自己看名叫Jane的女孩吗?
23.B主题考查宾语从句引导词的用法。one不能带宾语从句;引导词在这个宾语从句中做主语,所以排除whomever;空缺处没有明显的依赖代关系,所以who消除。只能选B。句意呢:这位年老的绅士从来不会不帮助任何要他帮助的人数。
24.C主题考查定语从句用法。这里是说他拜访他住处附近的学校,所以用near which,which依靠代学校。句意呢:Holmes知识分子去他住处附近的多学校要求他们接受自己的儿子,但是都因是黑人而被拒绝了。
25.C主题考查情态动词用法。根据句意,自己想我自然是把钱包掉车上了。A、D没想的意思;B凡是靠“依照应该举行有事”;C凡是靠“自然…”。所以选C。句意呢:我的钱包哪儿都找不到,自己自然是因为公交车时丢失了。
26.C主题考查虚拟语气用法。表示过去时的虚拟语气,从句应用过去完成时,即使had done。句意呢:如果我产生更多的时问自己可以举行得更好。
27.D主题考查虚拟语气用法。表示以来时的虚拟语气,从句助动词用were to/should。如果if节省,从句需用倒装。句意呢:如果他们明天到了我们以十分高兴。
28.B主题考查固定搭配。not…until“直至…才”。句意呢:自己了解直到他来自才能够完成学业。
29.D主题考查词义辨析。be likely that…“也许…”;alike“同的,一般的”;like“喜爱”。句意呢:这种情况不容许持续太久。
30.A主题考查固定搭配。insist on“坚持,坚定要求”;persist in“坚持,固执于”;affirm“断言,确认,自然”;protest against“抗议,反对,针对…表示不满”。句意呢:自己坚持使见经理,因为宾馆的劳动太糟了。
31.B主题考查形容词比较级。立即句话是以两边相互比较,使用比较级,所以C、D还不针对;如果mistakes凡是可反复名词,所以答案为B。A凡是修饰不可数名词的。句意呢:发生经历的教师比初学者犯的错误要少。
32.B主题考查固定搭配。prefer…to…“和…对比更喜欢…”。句意呢:和那本书对比我更喜欢这本书。
33.B主题考查动词短语。set fire“纵火,放火”;catch fire“(机动)着火”。句意呢:你知道是谁叫那家百货公司放火的吗?
34.A主题考查动词短语。depend on“依靠”;carry on“继续进行,坚持”;keep on“继续”;go on“继续”。句意呢:地球上所有的生命还离不开太阳。
35.B主题考查动词短语。keep up with“和上”;keep up“保持,继续”;keep on with“继续 (举行有事)”。句意呢:自己跟不上那位老师,因为他说得太快了。
36.B主题考查固定搭配。have an influence on…“针对…发生影响”。句意呢:教师说的话对他今后的事业有很大的影响。
37.B主题考查动词辨析。miss“失去”,最适合题意;lose“丢掉(某个物)”;fail跟不定式;drop“取得下”。句意呢:汤姆是单足球迷,他没会错过这个赛季的其他一集球赛。
38.A主题考查固定搭配。be interested in doing sth.“针对做…兴”。句意呢:你对打网球感兴趣吗?
39.B  主题考查不定代词。everyone和everybody重视于整体而言,every one重视于个人,依靠“各一个人口”;every继必须接名词。句意呢:共计发生30单学生,每个人还通过了这场考试。
40.C主题考查不定代词用法辨析。of all凡是靠有的东西范围内,一般开状语;all of依靠一个事物的有,一般做主语或宾语;all啊做主语或宾语;from all“从所有…受到”。句意呢:有我去过的地方中,自己最喜欢这里的饭店。
41.B主题考查固定搭配。be inferior to“浅,劣于”。句意呢:这种计算机的质量要差进口电脑。
42.C主题考查比较用法。立即是同级比较,所以不能用比较级和最高级,消除B、D。修饰动词speak必须用副词,所以只能选C。句意呢:自己希望我的法语说得温柔翰一样好。
43.B主题考查副词用法。very和really一般修饰形容词,还意思不符,honest凡是形容词。speak凡是动词,须用副词修饰,所以选B。句意呢:说实话,自己认为写作很枯燥。
44.A主题考查副词辨析。either位于否定句句末,表示“啊(不)”;too只能在肯定句末;al-so位于句中;yet“还”,和句意不符。句意呢:如果你不失,自己为不失。
45.A主题考查副词比较级用法。立即句话是说工作再努力,所以应用hard的比较级harder,可以免c、D。much可以用来修饰比较级,表示“…的大多”。句意呢:自己弟弟现在工作比较去年要尽力得多了。
 
Part   Identification
 
46.B烘托错误,应成为understood。make oneself understood“如果某人被人了解,如果某人的意思被喻”。
47.C动词形式错误,应成为to make。这里是用不定式做目的状语。
48.A  引导词错误,应成为whatever。whatever在当时引导条件状语从句,相当no matter what;what没这个用法。
49.D副词用法错误,应成为either。too只能在肯定句句末,either位于否定句句末。
50.A介词用法错误,应成为At the beginning。at the beginning“在初步时”,凡是永恒搭配。
51.B名词单复数用法错误,应加a。thing凡是可反复名词,所以如在它前面加上a。
52.B句型错误,应成为returning。remember to do表示“牢记要举行有事”;remember doing表示“记得做过某事”。这里出现了时间状语last Wednesday,证明return这个动作已经发生过了,所以用现在分词形式。
53.D主谓一致错误,应成为it is moving。因为主句的主语是passengers,如果moving的主语是bus,所以不能简单。
54.B代词错误,应成为it。因为前面的主语是a knowledge,凡是单数,所以后面用it来靠代它。
55.B词性错误,应成为importance。介词of后应接名词或动名词或同名词类似的词,如果不能接形容词。
 
Part   Cloze
 
56.C tell sb.sth.“告知某人某事”。say后接说的话;speak连语言,如果speak English/Chi-nese;talk(with/to)“讨论”。所以答案为C。
57.C other“其他的”;another“并且一个,再一个”;anything,others凡是代词,所以答案为C。
58.C up and down“达到下地”;now and then“偶尔”;over and over“一再,一再”;here and there“到处,到处”;点头表示“yes”,所以答案为C。
59.D from side to side“从另一方面到其他一面”,这里是说当我们说“不”经常,头左右摇晃。
60.D立即句话是说,听不见也不能说的人们借助于他们的手来与人交谈,neither…or…“既然不…啊不…”,切合题意。
61.A立即句话是说下面的故事告诉了他们怎么用手来与人交谈,所以用how。
62.B修饰第一次出现的名词,并且因English凡是元音开头,所以用冠词an。
63.D once“已经”;ever,never一般用在完成时中;before一般在句末。所以选D。
64.B sit at a table凡是永恒搭配,“因为在桌旁”。
65.C put sth.into“把有物放入”。
66.A take sth.out“把有物取出”。
67.A brin9“带来,拿来”,切合题意。take“取得”;fetch“(失去)拿来,呼吁来,追寻来”;carry“携带”它还是过去式,不合题意。
68.C a cup of tea“同杯茶”。
69.A shake one’s head“荡”。
70.B take sth.away“把有物拿走”。
71.B some coffee“部分咖啡”;little,few都是少得几乎没有的意思,还few修饰可反复名词;any用于否定句。
72.A when在这里引导时间状语从句,立即句话是说“他刚刚准备离开餐馆时发出一个游客进来了”。
73.C put sth.on“把…位于上面”。
74.B minutes凡是可反复名词,所以用a few;little和a little修饰不可数名词。
75.D on the table“在桌上”。根据常识,食品是位于桌上。
 
Part V Translation
 
Section A
 
76.他受到的重视部分归功于他这个人自己,归功于他的热情友好、他的好的判断力、他的儒雅、他的快乐、他的方法整体性以及他对新旧两只世界同等的爱。
77.在英国他被牛津大学与荣誉学位,立即对于一个年轻的落后的国家的人民来说是单不平常的光荣,并且他还荣获了皇家文学院的奖章。
78.如果亚里士多德想在今日的英国大学里工作,他非常有可能会使计算机,如果不是非常乐意去当哲学家。
79.除了要医疗和社会服务(它还是间接为经济增长做出贡献的)他,社会为应该重视和观赏文学、音乐和方法。
80.部分太阳能以碳化合物的样式被植物收集,如果部分则储存在植物和培养体内许多年。
 
Section B
 
81. This philosopher of ancient Greece seemed to be able to put complicated thoughts into simple words.
82. It is said that in some single-parent families children live a miserable life.
83. If you are free, please come to participate our discussion.
84. The police have taken a detailed and comprehensive investigation into the case.
85. If I were headmaster, I surely would reduce the students' learning load.
 
Part V  Writing
 
My Ideal Job
 
  People with different personalities, backgrounds and interests will have different opinions on what an ideal job is. To choose an ideal job and prepare for it is a long way for everybody.
 
  For me, my ideal job position would be in arts management. I' m quite interested in music but I' d like to broaden my perspective a bit. I would like to work in a company concerning arts and having wide room for my development. I envision working in the city, but probably in a city that has lots of green and open spaces.
 
I need to be able to reach the mountains in a couple of hours, so I think that the suburbs of Beijing are suitable. I would like to be professional at work. I believe my colleagues will be dedicated to their jobs and love the musical and artistic world.
 
Now I am a sophomore majoring in music. I' ve received professional training of music, so I feel confident that after graduation I could manage and work with all of the different instrumental-ists and vocalists.
 


2015年11月湖南成人教育学位英语模拟试题和答案解析(第二):免费下载(word文档)