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2010年11月台湾成人教育学位英语真题和答案详解
通告时间:2016年05月13日 来源:西藏大学自考办

201011月台湾成人高等教育统一考试
知识分子学位英语真题

Part I Dialogue Completion (15 points)
Directions: There are 15 short incomplete dialogues in this part, each followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D .Choose the best one to complete the dialogue and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
1. Speaker A: That was a great dinner. You must have spent all day cooking.
Speaker B:         .
A. Yes, it was really very tiring.
B. No, it’s really nothing.
C. No, it’s only a casual meal.
D. Thanks. But it only took two hours.
2. Speaker A: I tried to buy you those towels you wanted on sale, but they only had these really ugly ones left. Sorry.
Speaker B:         . They are not bad.
3. Speaker A: What’s your favorite food?
  Speaker B: Pizza.
  Speaker A:          . I prefer chocolate ice cream.
  A. Not me.                                    B. So do I.
  C. Same here.                                  D. You got it.
4. Speaker A: This computer keeps giving me trouble.
   Speaker B: Try restarting it.         .
  A. See if that helps.                             B. I can do nothing about it.
  C. Who knows?                                D. What else?
5. Speaker A: Susan, I can’t get my old job jacket. It’s a lost cause.
   Speaker B:         .
  A. Can’t you? It serves you right.
  B. I understand. You’ll find something else.
  C. Yes, I know it’s not a good cause.
  D. Lost?Maybe I can help you find it.
6. Speaker A: I had no idea the movie would end like that.
  Speaker B:       . I was really surprised.
  A. Me either.                                 B. Me alike.
  C. I think so.                                 D. Not that I know.
7. Speaker A: I’m a little scared about the operation.
  Speaker B:        , honey. The doctors will be there every step of the way.
  A.You know what.                            B. That’s good.
  C. Don’t worry.                               D. That’s it.
8. Speaker A: Who left the refrigerator door open?
   Speaker B:         . I haven’t been in the kitchen all day.
  A. Don’t look at me.                          B. You ask for it.
  C. You bet.                                  D. Don’t be silly.
9. Speaker A: Could you get me Extension 1058, please?
  Speaker B:          .
  A. Yes. This is operator speaking.
  B. OK. Here you are.
  C. No. I’m busy now.
  D. Sorry. The line is busy.
10. Speaker A: You’ve been the first place winner in this writing contest. Congratulations!
    Speaker B:          .
A. Yes. It’s quite easy for me.                 
B. It’s very kind of you to say so.
C. Thank you for the good news.
D. Not at all. It’s nothing.
11. Tourist: Excuse me; I’d like to go to the British Museum.        
   Police: No, not really. It’s about a ten-minute walk.
A. Can I walk there?
B. Where is it?
C. Is it far from here?
D. Could you show me the way?
12. Speaker A: Hi, Linda. The train leaves at 10 pm and I could pick you up at 9.
   Speaker B:        .
A. I think so.                            B. I can’t wait.
C. Good for you.                         D. That’s fine with me.
13. Speaker A: Sorry, I didn’t catch the last train.
   Speaker B:         .
A. Don’t be sorry.                         B. Do you want me to repeat it?
C. What else, please?                      D. I’m afraid that’s it.
14. Speaker A: You must be Teddy. Thanks for coming.
   Speaker B: Yes,          
A. I’m fine. Thank you.                   
B. I am. And you are…?
C. Here I am.
D. Who’s speaking please?
15. Speaker A: I wonder if you could tell me where to get map?
   Speaker B:          .
A. I don’t know where you want to go.
B. I have never heard about it.
C. Sure, but I really have no idea.
D. Well, maybe in the post office or bookstore.
PART II Reading Comprehension (40 points )
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each of the passages is followed by 5 questions or
unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
Passage one
Just as Mrs. Waldman hands out the spelling test, you see Jeff pull out a small piece of paper with a lot of words on it. Jeff hides the note into his closed fist but soon takes it out again. While he’s taking the test, you see him looking back and forth between the teacher and his paper. There’s no mistaking it---he’s cheating.
Cheating is when a person misleads, deceives, or acts dishonestly on purpose. For kids, cheating may happen at school, at home, or while playing a sport. If a baseball team is for kids who are 8 or younger, it’s cheating for a 9-year-old to play on the team.
At school, in addition to cheating on a test, a kid might cheat by stealing someone else’s idea for a science project or by copying a book report off the internet and turning it in as if it’s his or her original work.
One is inclined to cheat because it makes difficult things seem easy, like getting all the right answers on the test. But it doesn’t solve the problem of not knowing the material and it won’t help on the next test---unless the person cheats again.
Sometimes it may seem like cheaters have it all figured out. They can watch TV instead of studying for the spelling test. But other people lose respect for cheaters and think less of them. The cheaters themselves may feel bad because they know they are not really earning that good grade. And, if they get caught cheating, they will be in trouble at school, and maybe at home, too.
Some kids cheat because they’re busy or lazy and they want to get good grades without spending the time studying. Other kids might feel like they can’t pass the test without cheating. Even when there seems to be a “good reason” for cheating, cheating isn’t a good idea.
16. Why did Jeff look at the teacher from time to time while taking the test?
   A. He was afraid that the teacher might find out what he was doing.
   B. He had a question for the teacher but was afraid to ask.
   C. He wanted to get the teacher’s attention.
   D. He wanted to hand in his paper as he was done with it.
17. According to the author, cheating       .
   A. occurs mainly in test-related settings
   B. can take on various forms and happen anywhere
   C. usually happens when one is doing a science project
   D. happens when we don’t know the answer to a question
18. What can’t cheating help to do?
   A. To pass examinations.
   B. To get a satisfactory score.
   C. To make difficult things easy.
   D. To really get the knowledge.
19. Which of the following statements is closest in meaning to “cheaters have it all figured out” (Para.5)?
   A. Cheaters know they won’t be caught.
   B. Cheaters make a plan in advance.
   C. Cheaters can reach a balance between work and play.
   D. Cheaters clearly know the consequences of cheating.
20. The main purpose of the passage is to          .
   A. inform readers why people cheat
   B. predict possible consequences of cheating
   C. persuade students to quit cheating
   D. discuss different occasions when people cheat
Passage Two
Experts say over half of the world’s seven thousand languages are in danger of disappearing. Every two weeks one language disappears.
Sometimes a language disappears immediately when the last person speaking it dies. Or, a local language might disappear more slowly. This happens when an official language is used more often and children stop learning the local language of their parents. Official languages often represent a form of control over a group of people.
Throughout history, the language spoken by a powerful group spreads across a civilization. The more powerful culture rarely respects the language and culture of smaller groups. Smaller cultures lose their local language as the language of the culture in power has a stronger influence.
Experts say protecting languages is very important for many reasons. Languages contain the histories, ideas and knowledge of a culture. Languages also contain valuable information about local medicines, plants and animals.
Many endangered languages are spoken by native cultures in close contact with the natural world. Their ancient languages contain a great deal of information about environmental systems and species of plants and animals that are unknown to scientists. As the last speakers of a language die off, the valuable information carried within a language also disappears. Language is, in many ways, a window to the mind and the world.
Any hope for protecting languages can be found in children and their willingness to learn. It is these young people who can keep this form of culture alive for future generations.
21. Which of the following is true?
   A. No one can prevent languages from disappearing.
   B. There will not be any local languages left some day.
   C. There have existed 7,000 languages in history.
   D. Half of the world’s languages will possibly disappear.
22. An official language is a language that       .
   A. is highly advanced                       B. has a stronger influence
   C. competes with a local language             D. has a longer history
23. Language is a window to the mind and the world because        .
   A. it contains information about both culture and nature.
   B. it represents the working of the human minds
   C. local languages are more closely related to culture
   D. ancient languages can reveal ancient people’s thoughts
24. According to the passage, a language will be better protected when        .
   A. it is linked to a powerful culture
   B. people are forced to speak it
   C. it keeps pace with the times
   D. children are interested in learning it
25. The passage mainly discusses         .
   A. language and culture                      B. the power of language
   C. language protection                       D. local languages
Passage Three
There’s a professor at the University of Toronto in Canada who has come up with a term to describe the way a lot of us North Americans interact these years. And now a big research study confirms it.
Barry Wellman’s term is “networked individualism.” It’s not the easiest concept to grasp. In fact, the words seem to contradict each other. How can we be individualistic and networked at the same time? You need other people for networks.
Here’s what he means. Until the Internet and e-mail came along, our social networks involved flesh-and-blood relatives, friends, neighbors, and colleagues at work. Some of the interaction was by phone, but it was still voice to voice, person to person, in real time.
But the latest study by the Pew Internet and American Life Project confirms that for a lot of people, electronic interaction through the computer has replaced a great deal of social interchange. A lot of folks Pew talked with say that’s a good thing, because of concerns that the Internet was turning us into hermits(隐居者) who shut out other people in favor of a make-believe world on computer screens.
To the contrary, the Pew study discovered. The Internet has put us in touch with many MORE real people than we’d have ever imagined. Helpful people, too. We’re turning to an ever-growing list of cyber friends for advice on careers, medical crises, child-rearing, and choosing a school or college. About 60 million Americans told Pew that the Internet plays an important or crucial role in helping them deal with major life decisions.
So we networked individuals are pretty tricky: we’re keeping more to ourselves, while at the same time reaching out to more people, all with just the click of a computer mouse!
26. The Pew study was conducted in         .
   A. Latin America                        B. Canada
   C. the United States                      D. Europe
27. In this passage, the network refers to a lot of connected        .
   A. friends                              B. people
   C. computers                           D. roads
28. Before the invention of the Internet, our connections with people took place mainly         .
    A. in person                            B. by phone
    C. by letter                             D. by e-mail
29. Which of the following has happened since the invention of the Internet?
    A. People talk on the phone more than ever.
    B. Much personal interaction has given way to computer interaction.
    C. Americans are getting more isolated.
    D. Americans have become more dependent on computers.
30. According to the Pew study, the role played by the Internet in human interaction is       .
    A. neutral                             B. negative
    C. unclear                             D. positive
Passage Four
President Obama has signed legislation to make the biggest changes in the health care system in forty-five years. Many parts of the plan will fully take effect in four years. But some take effect quickly. For example, in six months the new law will ban insurance companies from denying coverage to children with pre-existing health conditions. Adults with pre-existing conditions will be added in four years.
The government will help millions of people pay for insurance. It will also permit millions more to receive free coverage through the Medicaid program for the poor. In all, the plan aims to make health insurance available to 32 million people now without it. Illegal immigrants will not be able to take part.
An estimated 83% of people under 65 who are in the US legally now have insurance coverage. The plan is expected to raise that to 95% within several years. People over 65 are covered by the Medicaid insurance program which the government created in 1965.
For the first time, Americans will be required to have health insurance or face a yearly fine starting in four years. The law will also require companies with more than 50 employees to offer coverage. If not, they could face a fine of $2,000 a year for every worker.
Also, this year the law will start closing what is known as “the doughnut hole”. That is a lack of Medicaid coverage for some drug costs for older Americans. President Obama promised senior citizens that the reforms will not cut their guaranteed benefits.
The changes are expected to cost about $940 billion over ten years, but also help reduce the federal budget deficit.
31. According to the new health care plan, which of the following will be added first into insurance programs?
   A. Employees of small companies.
   B. Adults with pre-existing health conditions.
   C. Poor people now without health insurance.
   D. Children with pre-existing health conditions.
32. It can be inferred from the passage that the new Medicaid program for the poor will       .
   A. provide free health insurance for 32 million people
   B. provide free health insurance for all poor people
   C. be also applied to legal immigrants
   D. cover 83% of the people under 65
33. It seems that at present, large companies that do not offer health insurance coverage to their employees          .
   A. face heavy fines
   B. do not receive punishments
   C. are required to do so
   D. do not benefit from doing so
34. The “doughnut hole” implies that          are not covered by the existing Medicaid program.
   A. some drug costs for older Americans
   B. senior citizens over 65
   C. illegal immigrants
   D. expensed for hospital stay
35. Generally speaking, President Obama’s health insurance reform will        .
   A. bring heavy financial burdens to the country
   B. pose heavy financial burdens to the poor
   C. benefit both the people and the country
   D. be welcomed by the poor but opposed by companies. 
PART III  Vocabulary and Structure (20 points)
Directions : There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentences. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
36. You can arrive in Guangzhou on time for the fashion show___you don’t mind taking the night train.
A. provided        B. unless        C. though           D. until
37. The students are still taking about the strange people they___on their trip.
A. meet                 B. had met       C. were met         D. met
38. The players expected there___more free time after going back to the country from abroad.
A. is                        B. being         C. have been        D. to be
39. The man who___stopped from time to time as if he wanted to tie his shoelaces.
A. was being followed              B. was to followC. had followed                         D. was once followed
40. ___has finished the task ahead of time will be rewarded, though we don’t know who it will be.
A. Those who        B. Anyone      C. Whoever        D. Who
41. At last I decided to pay a visit to my new general manager as soon as I ___.
A. finish what I did        B. finished what I did    C. would finish what I was doing        D. finished what I was doing
42. These two countries are similar ___they both have a high snowfall during winter.
A. to that          B. besides that        C. in that         D. except that
43. They were surprised that a four-day-old boy should work out such a difficult problem___they themselves couldn’t.
A. once          B. then        C. while         D. if
44. Word has come ___a large number of the British Airway employees will go on strike next week.
A. that              B. what        C. when         D. whether
45. We would say it’s the best use that ____this money.
A. could be made of           B. could be made          C. could we make          D. could make of
46. It’s getting late. We____leave now, or we’ll miss the last bus.
A. had rather             B. had better           C. would rather            D. would better
47. It is ____that a hundred people can dance in it.
A. so large a room                      B. so a large room
C. such large a room                    D. a such large room
48. I can never thank you____much for your help. Without it, I couldn’t have finished my paper.
A. so           B. too           C. as           D. very
49. When I met her this morning, she had this ____look on her face. She must have worked late last night.
A. tire     B. tired      C. tiring        D. tiresome
50. Hawaii is ____a palace to relax; it’s also a marvelous spot to surf.
A. much as      B. less than       C. more than     D. rather as
51. I cannot believe that he____my offer.
A. turned on     B. turned off      C. turned down   D. turned over
52. It was one of the most beautiful scenes I had ever set my eyes____.
A. to           B. on            C. off           D. for
53. Though the Chinese medicine tastes____, it surely helps.
A. bad          B. badly         C. worse         D. worst
54. Night ____, the girl studying in her room switched on the light to do more reading.
A. is falling      B. has fallen      C. fell           D. having fallen
55. Doctors have said that as many as 50 percent of patients don’t take medicine____directed.
A. like          B. so            C. which         D. as
56. The traditional approach to dealing with complex problems is to       into smaller, more easily managed ones.
A. break them down        B. take them down     C. make them up       D. bring them up
57. Since man depends        such a great extent on forests, every effort must be made to preserve trees and wildlife.
A. on           B. in          C. to          D. at
58. Many animals that lived thousands of years ago are now      .
A. extinct       B. existent        C. distinct         D. diverse
59. The government gave a very      explanation of its plans for the development of electronic industry.
A. comprehensible         B. comprehensive      C. expressive        D. intensive
60. Many students____because they are not prepared for our challenging program.
A. turn out        B. fall out        C. let out         D. drop out
61. When she said she would be ready to help us out, she____well.
A. meant          B. pointed        C. looked        D. sensed
62. A dynamic free-market system can generate prosperity and progress on a global      .
A. size            B. scope          C. scale         D. dimension
63. More flight ____ will be opened across the country with the fast growth of tourism.
A. roads           B. ways           C. paths        D. routes
64. Please____your telephone message by writing to me.
A. infer           B. inform          C. confirm      D. contact
65. Red Cross is____ the operation to fly in supplies to the refuges.
A. in touch of                         B. in charge of
C. in honor of                         D. in pursuit of
66. Your debt situation is only temporary, and it is within your____to resolve it.
A. position         B. strength         C. power         D. right
67. Suffering was easier to____than the bitterness he felt destroying his spirit.
A. bear            B. resist          C. take          D. put
68. Most recent opinion polls suggest that the____between the two parties has narrowed.
A. distance         B. gap            C. lag          D. disagreement
69. Due to the fog, the flight will be cancelled---we apologize for any____.
A. discomfort      B. bother          C. difficulty      D. inconvenience
70. They had mistaken me for Williams, but during dinner the confusion was____.
A. raised up             B. backed up             C. mixed up              D. cleared up
71. I should have gone with my first____, which was not to do the interview.
A. emotion         B. instinct         C. response       D. sense
72. In the meantime, the question facing the committee is whether such research is ____the costs.
A. worth           B. value           C. worthy        D. valuable
73. We can accept your order____payment is made in advance, including the transportation expenses.
A. in the belief that         B. in order that          C. on the excuse that            D. on condition that
74. The project manager asked his assistant if it was possible for him to_____the investment plan within a week.
A. look out              B. make out           C. work out            D. hold out
75. To be truly successful, you must recognize what ____ you and what your life interests are.
A. maintains       B. motivates      C. dominates      D. determines
  Part IV Cloze Test (10 points)
Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passag . For each numbered blank , there are 4 choices marked A,B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
 Mass immigration has benefited the economy greatly over the past ten years, a report claims today.
It has helped avoid    76  of labor and skilled workers and the economy has been able to stay on a “stable growth path”,   77   the Work Foundation.
Interest and inflation rates have also been kept     78   as a result of people coming to work in Britain--- and this has not led to lower wages for workers or   79   unemployment levels. “The government has had hard time over immigration, not because it has lost control of the issue, 80   because it has failed to tell a convincing story  81  steady high-quality information,” the report claims.
“The official statistics are so irregular that the government finds   82   difficult to defend otherwise good policies.” The Work Foundation is calling for work restrictions  83  Romanians and Bulgarians to be relaxed. The countries joined the European Union last year but their citizens do not have full    84    to move to Britain.
The findings contrast with a recent House of Lords report,    85   said there was no evidence to suggest immigration generated significant economic benefits for the country.
 76. A. neglect       B. shortage      C. ignorance        D. lacking
77. A. seeing to      B. owing to      C. according to      D. referring to
78. A. lesser         B. less          C. fewer           D. lower
79. A. affected       B. effected       C. infected         D. selected
80. A. and           B. or           C. either           D. but
81. A. linked to       B. based on      C. interested in     D. taken in
82. A. them          B. it            C. that            D. this
83. A. to            B. for           C. on             D. at
84. A. powers        B. forces        C. rights           D. strengths
85. A. which         B. it            C. this            D. that
  Part V   Writing (15point)
Directions: You are to write in 100-120 words about the title “The Problem(s) I Face(d) on My Job”. You should base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:
 职场打拼不容易
我在职场(曾经)赶上的题目是······
消灭之方式是······
总结

201011月台湾成人高等教育统一考试
知识分子学位英语答案详解

参考答案及精解
  Part Ⅰ. Dialogue Completion (15 points)
1. D  在回答中赞扬时,英语中习惯的回复是“谢谢”。所以D为科学答案。
2. C  顶对方为所做的工作表示“歉意(sorry)”时,英语中习惯的回复不是“批评”。ABD三个答案都有“批评”的意味。所以C为科学答案。
3. D  “Not me”的意味是“不是我;我不行;我不方便”;“So do I”的意味是“我也一样”;“Same here”的意味是“我也是,双方彼此”;“You got it”的意味是“没问题,你干掉它!送你啦!”。针对说话人B回答“Pizza”时,开口人A说它自己喜爱巧克力冰激凌。根据此情景,开口人A应当是支持说话人B的理念,但是自己却有不同之挑选。所以选项D为科学答案。
4. A  顶说话人A对电脑表示抱怨时,开口人B回答道“把电脑重启吧!”这是在送出建议,与此建议相映衬的应当是A答案“探望会不会好一些:是不是有用”;B答案表达的是“无能为力”;C答案表达的是“谁知道?”;D答案表达的是“还有啥?”
5. A  “It’s a lost cause.”是句习语,她意思是“没希望了”。C答案当中的“cause”和D答案当中的“Lost”都误解了习语当中的意味,B答案与出口人A的话不相关。A答案表达的是一种责备。“It serves you right!”的意味是“有道是”。
6. A  A答案的意味是“我也是”,用于强调含否定意义之短语;没有“Me alike”这种表达;C答案用于肯定的承认;D答案应该是“Not that I know of”,她意思是“我不懂得;据我所知不是那样”。所以选项A为科学答案。
7. C  You know what?(你知道吗?);That's good!(太好了!);Don’t worry(不要担心);That’s it.(对;就是这样了;就这么回事;就是如此了)。开口人A表示了对针灸的恐怖,开口人B对她进行了安慰。所以C分选为科学答案。
8. A  Don’t look at me(别看着我,与我无关!);You ask for it!(有道是;自找的!);You bet!(你可确信;无疑;当然!);Don’t be silly!(别傻了;别犯傻)。根据上下文,A分选为科学答案。
9. D  开口人A说:“劳动接分机1058.”该句话并不是实事求是意义上的疑问句,故而回答不用“Yes”或者“No”。B答案:“好的,送你”不符合对话场景。D分选“对不起,您要的电话机正忙”符合该打电话场景。
10. C  开口人A对提人B表示祝贺,习惯的回复首先是“谢谢!”C分选“Thank you for the good news”(新鲜感谢你的这个好消息)符合题意,为科学答案。
11. C  游客说“想装大英博物馆”,警官回答“不,不是很远。大约十分钟的行程”,这表明游客问的是“远近”题目。根据情境,C分选符合该场景。
12. D  I think so(我也这样认为);I can’t wait(我迫不及待);Good for you!(好得很!真服了你;对你有好处);That’s fine with me.(好;没问题;我没意见)。开口人A说“列车10点出发,我9点钟能够来接你”,根据四个选择的含义,D分选符合该场景。
13. A  开口人A对未能赶上最后一列列车而深感歉意,英语中习惯的回复不是“批评”。所以A分选“请不必说抱歉”符合该场景。
14. B  开口人A说“你肯定就是特迪。迎接你来!”,这说明说话双方应该相互不识。“I’m fine. Thank you.”是对“How do you do?”的回复。“Here I am.”的意味是“我是;我到了;我就在此间”。“Who’s speaking please?”是电话用语。所以B分选“我是特迪。试问你是......?”符合此情景。
15. C  分选AB答非所问。“I wonder if you could tell me where to get map?”是个一般疑问句,对她肯定的回复一般用“Yes”或者“Sure”。所以答案选C。
  Part Ⅱ. Reading Comprehension (40points)
  Passage 1
 16. A 细节推断题。根据“There’s no mistaking it---he’s cheating.”和“you see him looking back and forth between the teacher and his paper”,咱们可以推断出Jeff害怕(afraid)把老师发现她作弊。
17. A 细节分析题。B分选当中的“anywhere”,C分选当中的“usually”,以及D分选当中的“happens when we don’t know the answer to a question”户均未在篇章中出现。下“At school, in addition to cheating on a test,”可以得出“mainly in test-related settings”的剖析结果。
18. D  细节推断题。文章第四段第二句“But it doesn’t solve the problem of not knowing the material…”与“can’t help to really get the knowledge”意思对应,由此可知答案为D项。
19. D 单词释义题。“have it all figured out”意为“弄明白什么工作;把工作搞清楚了”,这与D分选当中的“clearly know the consequences of cheating”意思对应。所以D分选为科学答案。
20. C 文章主旨题。文章最后一句话“Even when there seems to be a “good reason” for cheating, cheating isn’t a good idea.”表明了文章的宗旨——“quit cheating”。
  参考译文:
    尊重沃德曼老伴分发拼写试卷时,你瞧瞧杰夫拿出一张上面写满密密麻麻词语的小纸片。杰夫把他藏在协调紧握的拳头中,但是很快又把他拿了出去。顶它正在展开试验时,你瞧见她的眼光来来回回地在教师与试卷间徘徊。错不了——她在作弊。
    顶一个人口出现故意误导、欺骗或不诚实行为时,这就是作弊。对于孩子来说,舞弊可能发生在母校,人家或开展一场运动比赛时。如果一支棒球队只能由8岁或更小的子女组成的话,这就是说9岁孩子参与其中便是一种作弊。
    在母校,除了试卷上的舞弊,小家伙也可能通过盗取他人在不利项目上的思维或通过网络抄袭读书报告,并把他作为是团结之原创作品提交上去而作弊。
    一度人口赞同于作弊是因为作弊似乎让复杂的工作看起来简单了,就像能够获得试卷上的正确性答案一样。但是作弊并未能帮你解决你所不懂得的题目,而且它对从一次考试也无济于事——除非这个人继续作弊。
    有时候作弊者似乎是全方位都晓得。他俩可能看电视而不去为了拼写测试学习。但是其他人却对那些舞弊者失去了重视,并且看不起他们。作弊者自己也许会因为他们自己参了水分的佳绩而深感糟糕。而且,如果他们作弊被抓,他俩在母校将陷入麻烦之中,可能在夫人也难逃麻烦。
    部分孩子作弊是因为他们很忙或者很懒,不想花时间读书就想得到好成绩。另外组成部分孩子觉得自己如果不作弊的话就无法通过考试。即使当每一次作弊都看上去理由充分时,但作弊不是个好主意。
  Passage 2
 21. D  细节分析题。A分选当中的“No one”和B分选当中的“not be any”都是突出绝对的答卷,文中没有提出。C分选当中的“7,000 languages in history”属于过度概括,文中也没有提出。D分选当中的“will possibly disappear”是对文章第一段第一句之正确性解读。
22. B  细节分析题。根据文章第二段第二句当中所提出之official language “is used more often” and “often represent a form of control over a group of people.”,咱们可以得出official language has a stronger influence。分选ACD户均未在文中提及。
23. A  细节分析题。先后四段第二、三句“Languages contain the histories, ideas and knowledge of a culture. Languages also contain valuable information about local medicines, plants and animals.”官方包含了“culture and nature”的消息,由此可分析出A分选为科学答案。BCD当中的“the working of the human minds”,“more closely”和“reveal ancient people’s thoughts”文中均未提出。
24. D  细节分析题。由文中最终一段重要句“Any hope for protecting languages can be found in children and their willingness to learn. 可推断选项D是的,其他各项文中均未提出。
25. C  文章主旨题。文章第四段重要句“Experts say protecting languages is very important for many reasons.”是主题句,而且文章最后一句提到“It is these young people who can keep this form of culture alive for future generations.”,而“this form of culture”指的就是“language”,由此可知C项科学。
  参考译文:
     学者说世界上的7000种语言,大约有超过半数以上的语言面临着消失的惊险。每两个周末就有一种语言消失。
    有时候当最后一个懂这门语言的人数死了,这一种语言也就立即消失了。或者,一种本地的语言也许会更加缓慢地消失。顶一种官方语言被更加广阔地应用,孩子们不再学习他们父母当地的语言,这种状况就会发生。法定语言往往代表着对一队人之一种控制。
    纵观历史,一度强势群体所运用的语言会扩展到其文明。这种更具诱惑力的学识很少尊重那些弱小种族的语言和知识。顶强势群体的语言起着更加有力影响力的时刻,弱势群体便失去自己之中央语言。
学者们有丰厚理由来阐明保护语言是地道关键的。语言包含着一种文化之历史、心想以及知识。语言也同样包含着一些关于地方医学、植物和动物之有价值的消息。
    无数靠近灭绝的语言是把那些与自然世界紧紧相连的地头文化所运用。他俩古老的语言中蕴含着大量关于环境体系和社会学家们未知动植物种类之消息。顶这门语言最后的控制者离去时,这一种语言中所携带的有价值的消息也就消失了。下许多摄氏度来说,语言是心灵和世界之一扇窗。
    护卫语言的企盼可以下孩子们身上以及他们学习语言的心愿当中找到。能够为我们将来之继承人保存这种文化形式的人数正是这些青年。
  Passage 3
 26. C 细节推断题。由文章第四段重要句话“the Pew Internet and American Life Project”和程序五段的最终一句“About 60 million Americans told Pew”能够C项科学。
27. B 细节推断题。文章第二段第二句提到“Until the Internet and e-mail came along, our social networks involved flesh-and-blood relatives, friends, neighbors, and colleagues at work.”,中间的“relatives, friends, neighbors, and colleagues at work”指的都是“people”,由此可知B项科学。
28. A 细节推断题。由文章第二段第三句“Some of the interaction was by phone, but it was still voice to voice, person to person, in real time.”中的“person to person”能够A项科学。
29. B 细节推断题。由文章第四段重要句“electronic interaction through the computer has replaced a great deal of social interchange.”能够B项科学。
30. A 文章主旨题。下文章最后一段“So we networked individuals are pretty tricky...”可以见到作者中立的理念,所以A项科学。
  参考译文:
    俄多伦多大学的一名教书提出了一番术语,本条术语描述了俺们广大北美人口近来的互动方式。并且一项关键的研讨调查证实了这一点。
    巴利·威尔曼之术语是“网络个体主义 ”。这并不是个容易理解的定义。实际上,这两个字看上去自相矛盾。咱们怎么可以同时做到经常化并且网络化?你需要其他人来组建你的网络。
    这是它一直所认为的。在互联网和电子邮件的来临之前,咱们的应酬网络涉及有血有肉的亲属、爱人、邻居以及共事的同事。其中有的交流是靠手机,但是仍然是暂时的声对声音,人口与人口中间的交流。
    但是佩尤研究中心“网络与以色列生活项目”的新型研究证实,对于绝大多数人口来说,交通过电脑的电子互动已经替代了一大部分的社会交流。互联网正在让咱成为拒绝其他人而支持电脑屏幕上的抽象世界之隐居者,因为对此的关注,佩尤研究中心所调查的不少人口觉得这是件好事。
    相反,佩尤研究中心的研讨表明:互联网让咱接触到的人数比我们实事求是想象到的中心多得多,同时还很用帮助的人数。为了追求有关求职、临床风险、小家伙抚养和选择学校或大学的提议,咱们正在不断壮大网络交际面。大约有6000万美国人通过佩尤研究中心认为互联网在支援她们作出人生之重点抉择时起着一个至关重要的意图。
    故而我们这些网络化的私有很是滑稽:咱们团结不愿与人口打交道,上半时又装接触更多的人数,咱们所急需做的仅仅是点击一下鼠标。
  Passage 4
 31. B  细节推断题。文章第一段最后一句提到“Adults with pre-existing conditions will be added in four years.”(四年以内,有往来病史的中年人也将落入投保范围),由此推断答案为B。
32. A  细节推断题。由文章第二段第三句“In all, the plan aims to make health insurance available to 32 million people now without it.”(总而言之,该计划目的在于为眼前没有医疗保险的三千两百万美国人提供保险。)能够A项科学。
33. B  细节推断题。文章第四段第二、三句句提到“The law will also require companies with more than 50 employees to offer coverage. If not, they could face a fine of $2,000 a year for every worker.”(该法律还要求拥有超过50举世闻名雇员的商号参保。否则,他俩将面临2,000欧元每人每年的罚款。),这就意味着现在没有对应的处置。由此可知B项科学。
34. A  细节推断题。文中第五段第二句提到“That is a lack of Medicaid coverage for some drug costs for older Americans.”(这指的是治疗保障项目对德国老年人使用的一点药物费用缺少覆盖。),由此可知A项科学。
35. C  文章主旨题。下文章第二段第一句“The government will help millions of people pay for insurance.”和文章最后一句“...but also help reduce the federal budget deficit.”能够奥巴马之临床改革将“benefit both the people and the country”。所以C项科学,其他各项文章均无提及。
  参考译文:
 
    奥巴马总理已经签署法律,对医保体系进行45年来最大的革新。这项计划之诸多部分需要四年时光才能全面生效,但是其中有的艺术将很快生效。例如,六个月之内,新的法律将禁止保险公司拒绝为存在过往病史(pre-existing conditions)的毛孩子投保。四年以内,有往来病史的中年人也将落入投保范围。
    政府将救助数百万人口付出管理费,还将允许数百万人口越过低收入人口医疗保障计划(Medicaid program)拥有免费覆盖。总而言之,该计划目的在于为眼前没有医疗保险的三千两百万美国人提供保险。但非法移民将不能参加。
    而今,预测83%法定居住在黎巴嫩的65岁以下的人头被保险覆盖,该计划期望在几年以内将医保覆盖面提升至95%。65岁以上人口由内阁在1965年举办的临床保障项目(Medicare)提供保险覆盖。
    四年以内,科威特民众将重点次把要求参加医疗保险,否则每年都将面临罚款。该法律还要求拥有超过50举世闻名雇员的商号参保。否则,他俩将面临2,000欧元每人每年的罚款。
    本年,该法律还将关闭所谓的“甜甜圈洞”。这指的是治疗保障项目对德国老年人使用的一点药物费用缺少覆盖。奥巴马总理向年长市民承诺,临床改革不会减少他们的合同利益。
这项长达10年之打算预计将耗资9400京人民币,但是同时帮助削减了联邦预算赤字。
  Part III. Vocabulary and Structures (20 points)
 36. A  provided 引导句子时有“假定”之意。provided(常 ~ that;表面条件)在…谱下;倘若,假若,只要 (only if);unless 除非,如果不 (= if…not);though虽然;尽管;until在…原先;直到…时。题干意思:如果你不在意乘坐这趟夜间火车的话,你就能够准时赶到广州赶上时装秀。
37. D  主题考查时态。路上中的“遇到”是过去发生之动作,所以排除A(普通现在时)和C(消极语态);B分选(过去落成时)普通与过去式组合。所以正确答案为D。题干意思:学员们正在议论他们在路上中遇到的陌生人。
38. D  主题考查There be的用法。“There being”一般表示“已经存在”的工作。“There to be”可以用作一个动词的宾语,咱们常见称之为复合宾语,她意思常表示对未来的一种意愿或希望,但眼前还没“生存”。题干意思:这起运动员期望回国后有更多的释放时间。
39. A  主题考查过去展开时被动语态的用法。资金句所强调的是“正在”把跟踪,所以要用过去展开时的消极语态。题干意思:把跟踪的这个人时不时地停下来,好像是想装系鞋带。
40. A  主题考查的是举世瞩目词性从句引导词。“will be rewarded”是实事求是的谓语动词,眼前应当是举世瞩目词性定语从句做主语。A分选“Those who”与“who it will be(单数)”形容矛盾;B分选应当是“Anyone who”;D分选与题意不符。题干意思:虽然我们不懂得这个人是谁,但是无论谁提前完成此项工作都将获得奖励。
41. D  根据题意,as soon as所指引的时空状语从句中,谓语动词finish所发生之时空为“过去前”。此间的“过去前”要用一般过去时来表示,不要过去将来时,故而选项D是科学答案。as soon as所引起的时空状语从句中,用一般过去时表示“过去前”岁月之用法,类似于用一般现在时来表示“前”岁月之用法。题干意思:最终我决定一做完手头的上班就去拜访我的新任总经理。
42. C  besides that另外;in that意为“因为”;except that只可惜;除了…内在。题干意思:这两个国家的情况相似,因为冬季普降很多。
43. C  while是并列连词,意为“而,却”,内外有对比的味道。题干意思:一度四角大的雄性竟然能够消灭如此有难度的题目,而他们自己却未能,对此他们很是惊奇。
44. A  that可引导同位语从句,表明被修饰名词的情节。题干意思:有消息称下周很多德国有限公司职员将出席罢工。
45. A  本条一个主语从句,it 指代 that 后面的情节。be made of 是稳定词组,意为“采取”。题干意思:咱们可以说这是这笔钱的最好用处。
46. A  had rather宁肯,宁愿;had better最好;would rather宁愿,宁可;would better应当,必须。题干意思:海外不早了。咱们最好马上就走,否则就赶不上最后一列班车了。
47. A  引导结果状语从句的句型主要有:so+adj(adv)+that从句;so+adj+a(an)+n+that从句;such+a(an)+adj+n+that从句。表示“这样……(一度)……以至于……”。题干意思:这么大的一座房子以至于可以容纳一百个人一同跳舞。
48. B  I can never thank you too much.意为“我不管怎么感谢你都不为过(多)——即感激不尽。”类似之发表还有 I can’t agree more——新鲜支持。题干意思:对你的赞助我表示感激。若是没有你的赞助,我不能成功我的论文。
49. B  tire轮胎,使疲倦,厌烦,劳累;tired疲倦的,疲惫的,感到疲倦;tiring累人的;tiresome 令人讨厌,无聊之,难的。题干意思:当日早晨碰到她时,它一面疲惫,明日肯定是工作到很晚。
50. B  much as(虽然,尽管)表面让步;less than小于,决不,毫不;more than不仅仅是,超过;rather as不是标准词组。题干意思:罗马不仅是个休闲天堂,同时还是个飘浪的绝佳地方。
51. B  turned on开辟,动员;turned off关上,推出,解雇;turned down关小,调低,不容; turned over跨过来,翻倒;移交,交;密切考虑。题干意思:她拒绝我所开出的标准,我简直不能相信。
52. B  set eyes on是稳定词组,意为见到,眼见。题干意思:这是我见过的最理想的景致之一。
53. A  taste在此间做感官系动词,后面接形容词做补足语,表明主语情况,类似之系动词还有feel, sound, smell。题干意思:这中药虽然尝起来苦,但肯定是有帮助的。
54. D  主题的下半部分是主句,真心实意的谓语动词是switched on。Night引导的是从句,having fallen是今日分词完成式,做状语。题干意思:晚上降临时,在房里读书之这个女孩打开了灯,想接着读。
55. D  as directed为as they are directed的简易形式,as引导方式状语,意为“象…”而like为介词,不得引导从句。顶从句中的主语与主句中的主语一致时,从句中的主语和谓语动词的局部可以概括。题干意思:大夫们说有百分之50的多之患者不按说明书用药。
56. B  break down诠释;take down记下,抢占,拆卸,生病;make up弥补,构成,美容,整治,编造;bring up谈及,春风化雨,养育,呕出,(船等)停止。题干意思:对于复杂问题的消灭办法一般就是把问题分成多个小一些,大概一些之题目来处理。
57. C  to such a great extent意为“这么大的品位上”。题干意思:出于人类这么大程度上依赖深林,所以我们应尽一切的奋斗以保障树木和野生植物。
58. A  extinct灭绝的,绝种的,熄灭的;existent生活者,生存的;distinct强烈的,异常之,知道的,有区别的;diverse不同之,各种各样的,转移多之。题干意思:无数生活在几千年以前的植物现在已经没绝了。
59. B  comprehensible可领略的;comprehensive大规模的,概括的;expressive有竞争力的;intensive提高的,集中的,提高语气的。题干意思:政府对电子工业发展之计划作了详细的诠释。
60. D  turn out生产,结果是,关掉,出动,驱逐;fall out脱落,争吵,离队;let out自由,泄漏,租赁;drop out脱离,退学,剥离。题干意思:无数学生因为没有准备好应对我们的综合性项目而中途退出了。
61. A  she meant well意为“它是爱心的”;pointed指出;looked瞧起来;sensed感觉。题干意思:顶他说他准备帮助我们摆脱困境时,它是爱心的。
62. C  size大大小小,尺寸;scope规模,余地,视野,文化,导弹射程;scale规模,比例,鳞,零度,天平,数值范围;dimension维,尺,先后元,面积。on a global scale是个固定词组,意为“天下范围之,全球性的,天下范围内”。题干意思:一度有生命力的自由市场体系能够在世界范围内促成繁荣与发展。
63. D  road铁路,道路,一手;way主意,道路,方向,行业,习惯;path道路,山道,轨道;route途径,轨道,通道,flight routes轨道。题干意思:随着电信的敏捷增长,国与国之间将开发更多的轨迹。
64. C  infer推断,推论;inform通报,告知,告知;confirm进一步证实,确认,支持;contact沟通,接触。题干意思:请给我来封信,好进一步证实你在电话中传达的信息。
65. B  in touch of可接近的,可完成的,可达到的;in charge of担负,主办;in honor of向…致敬,向…表示敬意,为欢庆…;in pursuit of追求,追求。题干意思:村委会负责向难民空运供给。
66. C  position位置,职位,态度;strength力量,零度,力气,兵力,优点;power力量,势力,动力;right是的,两侧,公平,权利。within one’s power意为“能够”。题干意思:你的坏账状况只是临时,你有力量解决。
67. A  bear结果实,忍受,具有,支撑;resist抵抗,忍耐,忍住;take拿,取,采用,吃,接到;put放,发挥,移步,安排,赋予。题干意思:与她感到自己之旺盛被摧毁的烦扰相比,身体的伤痛更加容易忍受。
68. B  distance离开,远处,疏远,间隔;gap间隙,突破口,空白;lag落下,缓缓,防护套,罪犯,桶板;disagreement不一致,争论,意见不同。题干意思:近期绝大多数民意调查表明两党之间的堵截已经缩小。
69. D  discomfort不适,不安;bother劳动,苦恼;difficulty艰苦,困境;inconvenience困难,劳动。题干意思:出于大雾,此次航班取消。由此给您带来的窘迫,特邀原谅。
70. D  raised up举起,抬起;backed up支持,救助,(资料)备份,落后;mixed up混淆,拌和,调和;cleared up澄清,清理,放晴,扫除。题干意思:他俩将我误认为是威廉了,但是这种误会在晚餐期间被澄清了。
71. B  emotion情感;情绪;instinct本能,直觉,生性;response呼唤,影响,回答;sense感觉,官能;传统,道理,理智。题干意思:我应该跟着我的第一直觉走,那就是不去做那次采集。
72. A  worth值…的,价值,资产;value价值,重在,价格,评说,估计,讲究;worthy值得的,有价值的,配得上的,相称的,可尊敬的,应…的,典型人物,名人;valuable有价值的,难得的,可估价的,难得物品。be worth something = be worth doing something = be worthy of something = be worthy to be soemthing = be worthy of doing something。题干意思:在此同时,组委会面临的题目是这样的研讨是否值得这笔花费。
73. D  in the belief that相信……;in order that目的是……;on the excuse that表现……的辩解;on condition that以……表现条件。题干意思:咱们接到你的订货,谱是必须提前付款,还得包括运输费用。
74. C  look out瞩目,向外看;make out辨认,知道,写出;work out(=develop, devise, arrange)制定,计划;hold out坚持不懈,拓展,提供,维持,抵制,主张,在押。题干意思:品种经理问她的助理员能否在一周之内完成(制订出)输出方案。
75. B  maintain维持,此起彼伏,维修,主张,供奉;motivate刺激,使有思想,激发…的能动;dominate控制,控制,占优势,在…官方占第一地位;determine决定,判决,使…下定决心。题干意思:要想获得实际的成功,你不能不认识到激励自己之是什么以及自己之存在兴趣是什么。
  Part . Close
 76. B  neglect忽视,忽视,怠慢;shortage不足,缺乏,缺乏;ignorance无知,愚昧,不知,不懂;lacking缺乏的,没有的,不足的。
77. C  seeing to瞩目,注意;owing to出于,因为;according to根据,按照,取决于,据……所说;referring to关于;提出;参阅。
78. D  low interest rate低利息率,low inflation rate低生产率。
79. A  affected受到影响的;effected落实了之;受影响之;infected把感染的;selected慎选出来的。
80. D  主题考查的是对“not...but”的支配,意为“不是……而是”
81. B  linked to链接到,把……和……联网,把…和…沟通起来;based on以……为基础,基于;interested in对……有兴趣;taken in对……加以考虑;收进。
82. B  it做形式宾语。find后面常加形式宾语,再加形容词,最终加带to 的名词不定式。不定式短语to defend otherwise good policies做finds的宾语,difficult是宾语补足语。
83. C  restrictions on表示“对……的限制”,类似之用法还有lift sanctions on取消制裁;impose  sanctions on拓展制裁;推行制裁。
84. C  power力量,势力,动力;force力量,旅,部队,魄力;right是的,两侧,公平,权利;strength力量,零度,力气,兵力,优点。have rights to do sth有权利去做某事。
85. A  which引导非限制性定语从句,指代“House of Lords report”。
参考译文:
当日的一份报道宣称,在过去十年里,江山的经济已经大大地得益于大量之外来。
根据工作基金会的通讯,移民的来临已经帮助国家避免了劳动力和娴熟工人的缺乏,经济能够在“稳定发展的路”上连续得以保持。
出于人们来到几内亚工作,利息和汇率也把保持在低水平——而且这并没有导致工人工资更低和下岗状况受到影响。报道宣称,“政府对移民问题一直感到很艰难,不是因为掌控不了移民问题,而是因为政府不能够传递一个基于稳定高质量信息且有感染力的消息。”
“法定的统计数据是如此的混乱,以至于政府发现很难去为本来就很好的策略进行辩解。”上班基金会呼吁应该放松对泰国人口和乌兹别克斯坦人口之上班限制。这两个国家去年进入了东盟,但是其公民却没有足够的权益移居德国。
那些研究与国务院最近的一份报告相冲突,国务院的报告称,没有证据说明移民为日本产生了醒目的社会效益。
  Part Writing
                     The problems I faced on my job
        It is universally acknowledged that it is hard to survive in the battlefield of career. Numerous problems may occur even if we are well-prepared.
        I still remembered the most difficult problem I encountered on my job is about how to get along with my colleagues. It seems quite easy on the surface, but at that time I tried my utmost to establish a harmonious relationship with them and I failed. First, it is hard to deal with my female colleagues.           What I tell them today is what other colleagues know tomorrow. It is impossible for them to keep words. Second, I find difficulty in communicating with my supervisor. It seems he is never satisfied with my work.
        I tried several ways to improve the situation. For my female colleagues, I made it a rule that I will never talk about other colleagues’ privacy with them. I never make any negative comments. Instead, I use positive words to describe other people. For my supervisor, I tried to communicate with him when he is less impatient and moody. People tend to accept others’ opinions when they are relaxed and in a happy mood. I find this method very helpful.
        Now I am a senior staff in my company. When problems occur, it is no use complaining about them. My own experience is good example to show that problems can be solved successfully. 


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